Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

RADT 316: Unit Six

From Radiographic Positioning And Related Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
Disruption of bony cortex of the ribs; linear lucency through the rib Rib fracture
Disruption of bony cortex of the ribs; linear lucency through the rib Flail Chest
Anterior protrusion of lower sternum Pectus Carinatum
Depressed sternum Pectus excavatum
Destructive lesions with irregular margins Osteolytic
What lesion is characterized with decreased density? Osteolytic
Proliferative bony lesions Osteoblastic
What lesion is characterized with increased density? Osteoblastic
What has a "moth-eaten" appearance? Combination of Osteoblastic and Osteolytic
erosion of bony margins Osteomyelitis
What is another name for pectus Carinatum? Pigeon Breast
What is another name for Pectus Excavatum? Funnel Chest
Disruption of bony cortex of the ribs; linear lucency or a displace sternal Segment? Sternum Fracture
What fracture effects the ribs in two or more places that are caused by blunt trauma and associated with underlying pulmonary injury? Flail Chest
What can a rib injury cause? Injury to the lung or cardiovascular structures
What disease or condition may be associated with postoperative complications of open heart surgery? Osteomyelitis
AP projection : Posterior Ribs "Above diaphragm" 70 kV; 32 mAs
AP Projection: Posterior Ribs (Below diaphragm) - Supine or Upright 70 - 80 kV; 32 mAs
PA Projection: Anterior Ribs "Above Diaphragm" 65 - 70 kV; 32 mAs
Unilateral Rib Study: AP/PA Position 65 - 70 kV; 32 mAs
Posterior Oblique Positions : Ribs (RPO) (Above diaphragm) 65 - 70 kV; 32 mAs
Posterior or Anterior Oblique Positions : Ribs (RAO) 65 - 70 kV; 32 mAs
Posterior Oblique Positions : Ribs (LPO ) Below diaphragm 70 - 80 kV; 32 mAs
RAO Position: Sternum 65kV; 45 mAs
Lateral Position - R or L Lateral: Sternum 70kV; 80 mAs
PA Projection: Sternoclavicular Joints 65kV; 30 mAs
Anterior Oblique Positions - RAO and LAO: Sternoclavicular Joints 65kV; 30 mAs
What is the center ray for an AP projection : Posterior Ribs "Above diaphragm"? Center 3 to 4 inches below jugular notch.
What is the center ray for an AP Projection: Posterior Ribs (Below diaphragm) - Supine or Upright? Centered to midway between xiphoid process and lower rib cage
What is the center ray for a PA Projection: Anterior Ribs "Above Diaphragm"? Center at T7 (7 to 8 inches below vertebra prominen)
What is the center ray for a PA Projection: Anterior Ribs "Ab Unilateral Rib Study: AP/PA Position Above Diaphragm? Centered midway between midsagittal plane and outer margin of thorax (1 1/2 above the shoulders)
What is the center ray for a PA Projection: Anterior Ribs "Ab Unilateral Rib Study: AP/PA Position below Diaphragm Side of interest and the midline of grid. (Bottom of IR should be iliac crest)
What is the center ray for a Posterior Oblique Positions : Ribs (RPO) (Above diaphragm)? Center midway between lateral margin of ribs and spine
What is the center ray for a Posterior or Anterior Oblique Positions : Ribs (RAO) Center midway between lateral margin of ribs and spine
What is the center ray for a Posterior Oblique Positions : Ribs (LPO ) Below diaphragm? Center midway between lateral margin of ribs and spine
What is the center ray for a RAO Position: Sternum? 1 inch left to midline and midway between the jugular notch and xiphoid process
What is the center ray for a Lateral Position - R or L Lateral: Sternum center of sternum (In between jugular notch and Xiphoid process
What is the center ray for a PA Projection: Sternoclavicular Joints? level of T2 or T3 (3 inches distal to vertebra prominens)
What is the center ray for a Anterior Oblique Positions - RAO and LAO: Sternoclavicular Joints? level of T2 to T3 (1 to 2 inches lateral to MSP)
What position requires a deep inspiration where the diaphragm is in its lowest position? Above diaphragm ribs
Where does the diaphragm need to be in an above diaphragm ribs? Ninth and tenth rib
If a patient comes in with a history of left posterior ribs pain,what position is required? LPO
If a patient comes in with a history of right anterior rib pain, what position is required? LAO
What degree is the left side rotated on a RAO sternum? 15 - 20 degree
Why is the sternum done in a RAO instead of an PA? Projects the sternum over the heart and gets the vertebral column out of the way.
What obliquity is used for oblique ribs? 45 degrees
What obliquity is used for oblique sternoclavicular joints? 10 to 15 Degrees
What position requires a deep exspiration where the diaphragm is in its highest position? below diaphragm ribs
What Level is the sternal angle at? T4 -T5
What Level is the xiphoid process at? T9 - T10
What Level is the inferior rib costal angle at? L2 - L3
What Level is the jugular notch at? T2 - T3
What ribs are considered true ribs? 1-7
What ribs are considered false ribs? 8-12
What ribs are considered floating ribs? 11-12
What degree of obliquity is required for a large, barrel-chested thorax? 15 degrees
What degree of obliquity is required for a thin chested thorax? 20 degrees
At what rib is the bony thorax the widest? Eighth or ninth rib
Created by: JustBrumley