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Political Science

Chapter 5 and 6

economic right Guarantees of adequate material standards of living; the newest and most controversial rights.
civil right ability to participate in politics and society, such as voting and free speech.
judicial restraint conservative, strict constructionists, narrow interpretation, apolitical role.
democracy the rule of the many.
direct or participatory democracy a government in which all or most citizens participate directly.
representative democracy a government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote. (The new form of the old word Republic.)
elite persons who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resource, like money or power. A few top leaders, not all of them drawn from business, make the key decisions without reference to popular desires.
sedition Incitement to public disorder or to overthrow the state.
power elite view view that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of government.
bureaucratic view view that the government is dominated by appointed officials. An appointed civil servants run things.
pluralist view the belief that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy. Competition among affected interests shapes public policy.
civil liberties freedom from certain government actions
judicial activism liberal, loose constructionists, broad interpretation, political role.
judicial review An implied power; ability of courts to decide if laws are constitutional
constituent assembly legislature convened to draft new constitution.
universal suffrage rights of all adults as determined by society to participate in the political process.
constitutionalism The theory and practice of conducting politics in accordance with a constitution; the degree to which the power of govt. is limited and individual rights are respected.
constitution a document that establishes the fundamental rules by which a political system is governed
illiberal democracy regimes that are elected but lack democratic qualities such as civil rights and limits on govt.
democratic peace theory that democracies do not fight each other
totalitarianism political system in which the state attempts total control of its citizens.
authoritarianism a system of govt. ruled by the one or the few with partial control over citizens social, political and economic life.
Created by: Vail86