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Chapter 9

Pharmacology Related to Addiction

TermDefinition
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) (lye-SER-jik di-ETH-il-la-mide) a synthetic, serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug
Hallucinations a class of drugs producing distortions in perception and body image at moderate doses
Ergot a fungus infecting rye and other grains
Ergotism a physical and/or psychological disorders acquired by ingesting ergot-infected grains. One form of ergotism involves gangrene and eventual loss of limbs; the other form is associated with convulsions, disordered thinking, and hallucinations
Synesthesia a subjective sensation in a modality other than the one being stimulated. An example is a visual experience when a sound is heard
Psilocybin a serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug originating from from a species of mushroom
Psilocin a brain chemical related to serotonin, resulting from the ingestion of psilocybin
Bufotenine a serotonin-related drug obtained either from a species of mushrooms
Psilocin a brain chemical related to serotonin, resulting from the ingestion of psilocybin
Bufotenien a serotonin-related drug obtained either from
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) (lye-SER-jik di-ETH-il-la-mide) a synthetic, serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug
Hallucinations a class of drugs producing distortions in perception and body image at moderate doses
Ergot a fungus infecting rye and other grains
Ergotism a physical and/or psychological disorders acquired by ingesting ergot-infected grains. One form of ergotism involves gangrene and eventual loss of limbs; the other form is associated with convulsions, disordered thinking, and hallucinations
Synesthesia a subjective sensation in a modality other than the one being stimulated. An example is a visual experience when a sound is heard
Psilocybin a serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug originating from from a species of mushroom
Psilocin a brain chemical related to serotonin, resulting from the ingestion of psilocybin
Bufotenine a serotonin-related drug obtained either from a species of mushrooms
Psilocin a brain chemical related to serotonin, resulting from the ingestion of psilocybin
Bufotenien a serotonin-related drug obtained either from
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) (lye-SER-jik di-ETH-il-la-mide) a synthetic, serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug
Hallucinations a class of drugs producing distortions in perception and body image at moderate doses
Ergot a fungus infecting rye and other grains
Ergotism a physical and/or psychological disorders acquired by ingesting ergot-infected grains. One form of ergotism involves gangrene and eventual loss of limbs; the other form is associated with convulsions, disordered thinking, and hallucinations
Synesthesia a subjective sensation in a modality other than the one being stimulated. An example is a visual experience when a sound is heard
Psilocybin a serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug originating from from a species of mushroom
Psilocin a brain chemical related to serotonin, resulting from the ingestion of psilocybin
Bufotenine a serotonin-related drug obtained either from a species of mushrooms
Bufotenien a serotonin-related drug obtained either from a bean plant in Central and South America or from the skin of a particular type of toad
Cyanosis a tendency for the skin to turn bluish purple. It can be a side effect of the drug bufotenie
Lysergic acid amide (LAA) a hallucinogenic drug found in morning glory seeds, producing effects similar to those of LSD
Dimethyltryptamine (DTM) a short acting hallucinogenic drug
Harmine a serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug frequently used by South American shamans in healing rituals
Mesculine a norepinephrine-related hallucinogenic drug. Its source is the peyote cactus
Peyote a species of cactus that is the source of the hallucinogenic drug mescaline
DOM a synthetic norepinephrine-related hallucinogenic drug, derived from amphetamine. DOM or a combination of DOM and LSD is often referred to by the street name STP
MDMA (Ecstasy) a synthetic norepinephrine-related hallucinogenic drug. Once considered useful for psychotherapeutic purposes, this drug is now known to produce significant averse side effects, including neuronal hypothermia, dehydration, and neurochemical changes
Amanita muscaria a species of mushroom containing the hallucinogenic drug ibotenic acid
Atropine an anticholinergic hallucinogenic drug derived from the Atropa belladonna plant
Scopoamine an anticholinergic hallucinogenic drug. Also called hyoscine.
Hyoscyamine an anticholinergic hallucinogenic drug found in mandrake, henbane, and various species of the datura plant
Atropa bennadonna a plant species, also called deadly nightshade, whose berries can be highly toxic. It is the principal source of atropine
Mandrake a potatoe-like plant containing anticholinergic hallucinogenic drugs
Datura stamonium a species of the datura family of plants with hallucinogenic properties. In the United States, the plant is called Jimsonweed
Phencyclideine (PCP) (fen-SIGH-klih-deen) a dissoviative anesthetic hallucinogen that produces disorientation,agitation, aggressive behaviour, analgesia and amnesia. It has various street names, including angel dust.
Ketamine a dissociative anesthetic hallucinogen related to phencyclidine (PCP)
Salvia divinorum or salvia a Mexican leafy herb with short-duration hallucinogenic effects
Created by: kelseypayne95