Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

AP Psych Unit 13

Chapter 16: Therapy

Psychotherapy An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties
Biomedical therapy Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
Eclectic Approach An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transference- and the therapists interpretation of them-releasing repressed feelings
Free Association The process by which psychoanalysis is done.
Resistance In psychoanalysis, the blocking from conscious of anxiety-laden material.
Transference In psychoanalysis the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent)
Psychodynamic Therapy The more modern approach to psychoanalysis, it focuses helping the patient immediately
Interpersonal Psychotherapy A type of psychodynamic therapy, interpersonal therapy which seems to work on patients with major depressive disorder and is face-to-face as well as a shorter number of sessions are required to produce results and relief
Interpretation In psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.
Client-Centered Therapy A humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients' growth.
Active Listening Empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy
Behavior Therapy Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
Counterconditioning A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning. Includes exposure therapy and aversive conditioning
Exposure Therapies Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid
Systematic Desensitization A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to stimulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking
Aversive Conditioning A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)
Token Economy An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats
Cognitive Therapy Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy
Family Therapy Therapy that treats the family as a social system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication.
Meta-analysis A research procedure in which you do not conduct your own experiment but instead you analyze ALL of the research on a particular topic to form a meta-conclusion.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) A new technique that gained popularity in the 90s.
Light Exposure Therapy 90 minutes of bright light a day after four weeks of exposure it showed improvement in 61% of individuals exposed to the light. Shown to improve Seasonal Affective Disorder
Psychophramacology The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior
Classical Antipsychotic Drugs A dopamine antagonist that work on treating the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, the goal is to reduce the overactivity of dopamine. Examples of these include thorazine and chloropromazine
Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs A dopamine antagonist that works on treating the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, such as withdrawal, the goal is to reduce the overactivity of dopamine. Examples include clozapine and clozaril
Tardive Dyskinesia Involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs
Antianxiety Drugs Like Xanax or Ativan that try to depress the central nervous system by trying to change how GABA interacts at the synaptic level. The goal is to increase the amount of GABA and the amount of time that GABA stays in the synapse
Andidepressants Zoloft, Prozac, & Paxil, they try to increase the activity of serotonin by inhibiting reuptake (SSRIs)
Selective-Serotonin-Reuptake-Inhibitors (SSRIs) Most anti-depressants are SSRIs, the goal of these drugs is to block or inhibit the reuptake process giving serotonin more time to send signals to the next neurons
Mood Stabilizers Drugs that treat bipolar disorder, lithium carbonate, a common salt.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity
Psychosurgery Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
Lobotomy A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain
Humanistic Therapy Therapy techniques designed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow that focuses on the present rather than the past, focuses on helping an individual become the best version of themselves, focuses on having the client take responsibility for their past actions
Insight therapies Psychoanalysis and the more modern psychodynamic therapy, humanist therapy, and cognitive therapy are all examples of insight therapies because they emphasize focusing on internal problems and self discovery as a way to heal. Are a part of psychotherapy.
Unconditional positive regard A key component of Carl Rogers' client-centered therapy in which the therapist expresses true feelings and gives their clients unconditional acceptance so that clients are open and honest and can explore their self-understanding and self-acceptance.
Progressive relaxation A therapist will train you to relax one muscle group after another until you achieve a blissful state of complete relaxation and comfort. A part of exposure therapies
Behavior Modification A way to use operant conditioning techniques to help patients live a more successful life. The therapist reinforces desired behaviors and withholds reinforcement or applies punishment for undesired behaviors.
Albert Ellis The creator of REBT, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy which is a cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) A cognitive therapy that vigorously challenges people's illogical, self-defeating attitudes and assumptions. Encourages people to accept that there are some things they cannot change but to focus on what they can.
Aaron Beck The most renown cognitive psychologist. He used positive reflective journaling in depressed patients which is write down positive events in their daily life & how they contributed to them in order to challenge and break through oppression cycle thoughts.
Evidence-based practice Clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences.
Created by: thompsonce
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards