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Abn Gait Patterns

Abnormal Gait Patterns

QuestionAnswer
A protective gait pattern where the involved step length is decreased in order to avoid wt bearing on the involved side, usually secondary to pain. Antalgic
A gait pattern characterized by staggering and unsteadiness. There is usually a wide base of support and movements are exaggerated. Ataxic
A staggering gait pattern seen in cerebellar disease. Cerebellar
A gait pattern characterized by a circular motion to advance the leg during swing phase; this maybe be used to compensate for insufficient hip or knee flexion or DF. Circumduction
A gait pattern in which alternate steps are of a different length or at a different rate. Double Step
A gait pattern characterized by high steps; usually involves excessive activity of the gastrocnemius. Equine
A gait pattern where a pt walks on toes as though pushed. It starts slowly, increases, and may continue until the patient grasps an object in order to stop. Festinating
A gait pattern in which pts ABDuct the paralyzed limb, swing it around, & bring it forward so the foot comes to the ground in front of them. Hemiplegic
A gait pattern marked by increased forward flexion of the trunk & knees; gait is shuffling with quick and small steps; festinating may occur. Parkinsonian
A gait pattern in which the legs cross midline upon advancement. Scissor
A gait pattern with stiff movement, toes seeming to catch & drag, legs held together, and hip & knee jts slightly flexed. Spastic (commonly seen in spastic paraplegia)
A gait pattern in which the feet & toes are lifted through hip & knee flexion to excessive heights; usually secondary to DF weakness. The foot will slap at initial contact with the ground secondary to decreased control. Steppage
A high stepping ataxic gait pattern in which the feet slap the ground. Tabetic
A gait pattern that denotes gluteus medius weakness; excessive lateral trunk flexion and weight shifting over the stance leg. Trendelenburg
A gait pattern where the swing leg advances by compensating through the combination of elevation of the pelvis and PF of the stance leg. Vaulting
Created by: munscand
 

 



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