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Urinary Tract Drugs

QuestionAnswer
Medications designed to produce polyuria(excessive urination),reduce edema(swelling),and treat Hypertension(HTN)are called diuretics
what class is Lasix? (furosemide) Diuretic
what class is Bumex Diuretic
what class is Edecrin? Diuretic
what class is Diuril? (chlorothiazide) Diuretic
what class is HCTZ or HydroDIURIL? (hydrochlorothiazide) Diuretic
what class is Aldactazide? Diuretic
what class is Dyazide? Diuretic
what class is Maxzide? Diuretic
what class is methylclothiazide? Diuretic
what class is bendroflumethiazide? Diuretic
what class is Moduretic? Diuretic
what class is Hyzaar? (hydrochlorothiazide) antihypertensive,Diuretic
bleeding problems can occur if thiazide diuretics are combined with Gingko biloba
Diuretics that cause an excessive loss of the electrolyte potassium(K)are called potassium wasting diuretics
Diuretics that do not cause an excessive loss of the electrolyte potassium(K)are called potassium sparing diuretics
a blood condition of deficient potassium(K)is called hypokalemia
Potassium(K)is commonly measured in MilliEQuivalents(mEq)
what class is Kay Ciel? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is K-Dur? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is K-Lor? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is Klor-Con? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is Klorvess? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is Klotrix? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is K-Lyte? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is K-Tab? Potassium(K)supplements
what class is Micro-K Potassium(K)supplements
a urinary tract antibiotic is called Macrodantin
what class is Pyridium? Urinary tract analgesic
what class is Uristat? Urinary tract analgesic
what class is Urogesic? Urinary tract analgesic
OAB stands for OverActive Blabber
Overactive bladder(OAB)is typically caused by spasms(involuntary muscle contractions)of the urinary blabber.
OverActive Bladder(OAB)can cause urinary urgency(sudden urge to void)and urinary incontinence(enuresis)
medications to treat overactive blabber (OAB)are called urinary antispasmodics
what class is Urispas? Urinary antispasmodic
what class is Cystospaz? Urinary antispasmodic
what class is Detrol? Urinary antispasmodic
what class is Toviaz? Urinary antispasmodic
what class is Vesicare? Urinary antispasmodic
what class is Oxytrol? (available OTC) Urinary antispasmodic
The inability to achieve or maintain an erection is called Erectile Dysfunction(ED) (impotence)
what class is Viagra? treat Erectile Dysfunction(ED) treat benign prostatic hypertrophy(BPH)
what class is Levitra? treat Erectile Dysfunction(ED) treat benign prostatic hypertrophy(BPH)
what class is Cialis? treat Erectile Dysfunction(ED) treat benign prostatic hypertrophy(BPH)
medications to treat Erectile Dysfunction(ED)can cause a synergistic hypotensive(low blood pressure)effect when combined with nitrates such as Nitroglycerin(NTG)or Isordil(isosorbide)
an emergency diuretic to treat Acute Renal Failure(ARF)or increased IntraCranial Pressure(ICP)is called Osmitrol (mannitol)
a nonmalignant excessive growth of the prostate is called Benign Prostatic Hypertropy(BPH)
what class is Avodart? treat Benign Prostatic Hypertropy(BPH)
what class is Flomax? treat Benign Prostatic Hypertropy(BPH)
PUD stands for Peptic Ulcer Disease
Peptic Ulcer Disease(PUD)is an ulcer(erosion)of the stomach and/or duodenum
causes of peptic ulcer disease(PUD)include 1.)excessive hydrochloric(HCL)acid production 2.)Aspirin(ASA) 3.)(NSAIDS) 4.)alcohol(ETOH) 5.)caffeine 6.)excessive salt(Na)in the diet 7.)spicy foods 8.)bacterial infection
GERD stands for GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease
the layperson may refer to gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)as "indigestion" or "acid stomach" or "heart burn" or "agita"
causes of gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)include 1.)excessive hydrochloric(HCL)acid production 2.)hiatal hernia(HH)AKA diaphragmatic hernia 3.)incompetent cardiac sphincter AKA lower esophageal sphincter
Medications to treat peptic ulcer disease(PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)reduce the amount of hydrochloric(HCL)acid produced by the stomach
what class is Tagamet? (cimetidine) treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
what class is Axid? (nizatidine) treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
what class is Pepcid? (famotidine) treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
what class is Zantac? (ranitidine) treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
what class is Prevacid? treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
what class is AcipHex? treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
what class is Prilosec? treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
what class is Nexium? treat peptic ulcer disease (PUD)and gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
some studies show that Nexium,Prilosec,Tagamet,Prozac,Diflucan,and Nizoral are antagonists for Plavix(NBC)
Nexium can also increase the risk of OsteoPorosis(OP)
Medications to neutralize hydrochloric (HCL)acid in the stomach are called antacids
antacids commonly contain alkaline substances(buffers)such as 1.)Aluminum(AL) 2.)Magnesium(Mg) 3.)Calcium(Ca) 4.)Sodium bicarbonate(NaHCO little 3 on the bottom)
what class is Amphojel? Antacids
what class is Mylanta? Antacids
what class is Maalox? Antacids
what class is Tums? Antacids
what class is Gaviscon? Antacids
what class is Rolaids? Antacids
what class is Baking soda? (sodium bicarbonate NaHCO (little- 3 on the bottom) Antacids
what class is simethicone? treat gas
what class is Gas-X? treat gas
what class is Mylanta Gas? treat gas
what class is PhaZyme? treat gas
medications to treat gastrointestinal(GI)spasms(involuntary muscle contractions)are called gastrointestinal (GI)antispasmodics
what class is Bentyl? (dicyclomine) Gastrointestinal(GI)antispasmodic
what class is Robinul? Gastrointestinal(GI)antispasmodic
what class is Donnatal? Gastrointestinal(GI)antispasmodic
what class is Librax? Gastrointestinal(GI)antispasmodic
loose watery stools are called diarrhea
medications to treat diarrhea are called antidiarrheal
what class is Lomotil? antidiarrheal
what class is Imodium? antidiarrheal
what class is Kaopectate? antidiarrheal
what class is Pepto-Bismol? antidiarrheal
an excessive accumulation of feces in the rectum is called constipation
medications to treat constipation are called Laxatives
what class is Correctol? (stimulant laxative) Laxative
what class is Dulcolax? (stimulant laxative) Laxative
what class is ex-lax? (stimulant laxative) Laxative
what class is Senokot? (stimulant laxative) Laxative
Regular use of stimulant laxatives can reduce the body's ability to absorb vitamin D and calcium(Ca)causing osteopenia(bone softening)
what class is Citucel? (bulking laxative) Laxative
what class is FiberCon? (bulking laxative) Laxative
what class is Fiberall? (bulking laxative) Laxative
what class is Metamucil? (bulking laxative) Laxative
what class is Colace? (stool softener) Laxative
what class is Surfak? (stool softener) Laxative
MOM or M.O.M.(Milk Of Magnesia) (stool softener) Laxative
Medications to completely evacuate the bowels before gastrointestinal(GI)surgery OR gastrointestinal(GI)diagnostic procedures are called bowel evacuants(bowel preps)
what class is GoLYTELY? bowel evacuants(bowel preps)
what class is MiraLAX? bowel evacuants(bowel preps)
what class is Fleet Prep Kit? bowel evacuants(bowel preps)
Medications to treat nausea and vomiting(N+V)are called antiemetics
what class is Marinol? Antiemetics
what class is Zofran? Antiemetics
what class is Compazine(CPZ)? (prochlorperazine) Antiemetics
what class is Phenergan? (promethazine) Antiemetics
what class is Tigan? Antiemetics
A whirling sensation of oneself or the world is called vertigo
what class is Antivert? (meclizine) Antiemetics to treat vertigo(dizziness)or motion sickness
what class is Dramamine? (dimenhydrinate) Antiemetics to treat vertigo(dizziness)or motion sickness
what class is Benadryl? (diphenhydramine) Antiemetics to treat vertigo(dizziness)or motion sickness,hypnotic,antihistamine
what class is Xenical? Treat obesity(anorexiants)
what class is Meridia? Treat obesity(anorexiants)
what class is Alli? Treat obesity(anorexiants)
Osteoporosis(OP)is an abnormal loss of Bone Mineral Density(BMD)
what class is Fosamax(PO)? treat osteoporosis(OP)
what class is Evista(PO)? treat osteoporosis(OP)
what class is Miacalcin(IN)? treat osteoporosis(OP)
what class is Actonel(PO)? treat osteoporosis(OP)
what class is Boniva(PO)? treat osteoporosis(OP)
what class is Reclast(IV) treat osteoporosis(OP)
what class is Prolia(subQ)? treat osteoporosis(OP)
what class is Atelvia(PO)? treat osteoporosis(OP)
most oral (PO)medications for the treatment of Osteoporosis(OP)can cause esophageal irritation
Recommendations to reduce esophageal irritation include: 1.)Take PO medication with 6-8 oz of water 2.)Do not lie down for 60 minutes after administration. 3.)Do not eat anything for 60 minutes after administration.
A muscle spasm is an involuntary,often painful muscle contraction.
what class is Soma? Skeletal muscle relaxant
what class is Skelaxin? Skeletal muscle relaxant
what class is Robaxin? Skeletal muscle relaxant
what class is Norflex? Skeletal muscle relaxant
what class is Valium? (diazepam) Skeletal muscle relaxant,sedative and treatment for status epilepticus
what class is Mirapex? Treat restless leg syndrome,treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
Gout is a form of arthritis that primarily effects the joints of the feet
what class is Zyloprim? (allopurinol) Antigout medication
what class is Uloric? Antigout medication
Uloric may require periodic Liver Function Tests(LFTs)
Fibromyalgia is an idiopathic (unknown cause)condition caracterized by widespread myalgia(muscle pain),arthralgia(joint pain)and fatigue
what class is Lyrica? treat fibromyalgia
Inflammatory papular(raised)and pustular(pus filled papule)eruptions of the skin are called Acne Vulgaris(AV) AKA pimples(zits)
Acne Vulgaris(AV)is associated with excessive sebum(oil)production and microbial proliferation(growth) on the skin
what class is Benzac? (benzoyl peroxide) treat acne vulgaris(AV)
what class is Clearasil? treat acne vulgaris(AV)
what class is Epiduo? treat acne vulgaris(AV)
what class is PROPApH? treat acne vulgaris(AV)
what class is Stri-Dex? treat acne vulgaris(AV)
what class is YAZ? treat acne vulgaris(AV),oral contraceptive pill (OCP)and treatment for premenstrual dysphoric disorder(PMDD)
A chronic autoimmune skin condition characterized by scaly,raised,silvery-red patches is called paoriasis
Psoriasis is commonly treated with coal tar derivatives
what class is Balnetar? treat psoriasis
what class is Zetar? treat psoriasis
what class is Neutrogena T/Gel? treat psoriasis
what class is Denorex? treat psoriasis
what class is Tegrin? treat psoriasis
what class is Head & Shoulders? treat psoriasis
what class is Stelara(4 subQ injections/year) Systemic medications to treat psoriasis
what class is Humira?(weekly subQ injections) Systemic medications to treat psoriasis, treat rheumatoid arthritis(RA)
what class is Enbrel?(weekly subQ injections) Systemic medications to treat psoriasis, treat rheumatoid arthritis(RA)
what class is bacitracin? topical antibiotics
what class is neomycin? topical antibiotics
what class is Neosporin? topical antibiotics
Superficial fungal infections include: 1.)Tinea corporis(ringworm) 2.)Tinea cruris (jock itch) 3.)Tinea pedis (athlete's foot)
what class is Cruex? Topical antifungal
what class is Lotrimin OR Micatin (miconazole) Topical antifungal
what class is Desenex(looks like Denorex) Topical antifungal
what class is Lamisil? Topical antifungal
what class is Aftate Tinactin (tolnaftate) Topical antifungal
what class is Fungoid? Topical antifungal
Medications used to dry the skin are called astringents
what class is Calamine? astringents
what class is Witch hazel? astringents
what class is Caladryl? (diphenhydramine and calamine) astringents
what class is Solarcaine? Topical anesthetics
what class is Lanacane? Topical anesthetics
what class is benzocaine? Topical anesthetics
Diaper rash is an excoriation (damage)to skin
what class is A+D Ointment OR Desitin (zinc oxide) treat diaper rash
Scabies are parasitical itch mites
what class is Elimite? treat scabies
Pediculosis is the medical term for lice
what class is Nix? treat pediculosis(lice)
what class is RID? treat pediculosis(lice)
what class is Lice MD(pesticide free) treat pediculosis(lice)
what class is Silvadene? Topical antibiotic applied to second and third degree burns
A common IODINE based ANTISEPTIC solution is called Betadine AKA povidone iodine
what class is Hibiclens? A non-iodine antiseptic solution
what class is Rogaine? treat male and female pattern baldness
what class is Propecia? treat male pattern alopecia(baldness)
Propecia is prescribed for men only because of the danger or birth defects
Propecia side effects include: 1.)decreased libido(sex drive) 2.)Erectile Dysfunction(ED)
Created by: BLM1095