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Digestive System

quiz

QuestionAnswer
What is the first function of the digestive system and what is it called? The body breaks down food and breaks it down into smaller molecules that the body can use to make energy -digestion
What is the second function of the digestive system and what is it called? The molecules are absorbed into the blood and carried throughout the body -absorption
What is the third function of the digestive system and what is it called? Wastes are eliminated from the body -elimination
mouth where mechanical (teeth) and chemical (enzymes) digestion begins
salivary gland produces saliva; fluid used to moisten food and contains enzymes that turn starch into sugar
enzymes proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body
epiglottis a flap of tissue that seals off your windpipe preventing food from going to the lungs
esophagus a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
stomach - food remains until all solid material is liquid accepts food from the esophagus; (mechanical digestion) while the enzyme pepsin, breaks down proteins (chemical digestion)
pancreas triangular organ that is between the stomach and upper small intestine;produces enzymes that go into the small intestine to break down proteins, starches, and fats
liver produces bile which breaks down fat particles *bile is sent to gallbladder
gallbladder stores bile; bile flows from gallbladder into the small intestine
small intestine - nutrients are absorbed through the villi almost all chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients takes lace here
small intestine - nutrients are absorbed through the villi almost all chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients takes place here
large intestine (colon) water is absorbed into the bloodstream and remaining material is readied for elimination (as feces) ~ contains helpful bacteria
rectum a short tube at the end at the large intestine where waste material is compressed into solid form. the waste is eliminated through the anus
Where does the food go first? mouth
Where does the food go second? esophagus
Where does the food go third? stomach
Where does the food go fourth? small intestine
Where does the food go fifth? large intestine
Where does the food go last? rectum
Created by: sew4family