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ch. 3 vocab

principles of development

QuestionAnswer
Child Development The pattern of change that occurs as children grow from birth to adolescence.
Motor Skills Ablities that depend on the use and control of muscles.
Physical Development Growth of the body (height and weight)as well as its abilities (motor skills).
Cognitive Development Intellectual development that occurs as children learn to think, understand, reason, and use language.
Emotional Development Children acquire feelings about themselves, others, and the world.
Social Development Children learn how to relate and interact with others.
Moral Development Children develop beliefs and attitudes about what is important (values).
Development is Interrelated You can't isolate the different domains of development because different areas stimulate and reinforce each other.
Development is Similar for All Development follows a similar pattern for everyone, all over the world.
Maturation The gradual process of development as each stage unfolds.
Rates of Development are Individual Each child is a unique individual so rates of development are unique to each child. All children will not learn to walk at exactly 1 year of age, even though that is the "average" age at which children learn to walk.
Development is Ongoing and Builds on Earlier Learning People change and continue to grow throughout their lifetimes. You are never too old to learn.
Development is Sequential Development follows an orderly sequence or step-by-step pattern.
Cephalocaudal Development proceeds from the head downward. Children master body movement and coordination from the head down.
Proximodistal Development proceeds from the center or trunk of the body outward to the arms and legs.
Development proceeds from general to specific Children acquire simple skills before progressing to more complex skills. Children walk before they skip.
Development proceeds from large to small Children develop gross (large) motor skills before fine (small) motor skills.
Self-concept The picture individuals carry in their minds of who they are, what they can do, and what they are like.
Self-esteem How people feel about they way they see themselves, or sense of self-worth.
Heredity Biological make-up that children inherit from their parents.
Environment Influences such as people, surroundings and experiences.
Created by: PamMcIntyre
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