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chapter 34 28 29

vocabulary

TermDefinition
aborigine crossed a land bridge from southeast Asia to Australia about 50 thousand years ago
lagoon a shallow body of water with an outlet to the ocean, between itself and the mainland
cyclone the Australian term for hurricanes
outback Australians often refer to the harsh wilderness region of the central and western plains and plateaus as the
artesian well these wells are bored deep into the earth to tap a layer of porous material filled with groundwater
atolls around a lagoon of shallow water
geyser hot springs that shoot jets of steam and heated water into the air, fuel an active tourist industry
trust territory or territories supervised by other nations
crevasse travelers must beware of large cracks
ice shelf Antarctica's ice sheets and glaciers are so deeply frozen that the slowly creeping ice extends out over the ocean in several places and forms massive permanent extensions of ice
pack ice Antarctica icebergs mix with ice formed in the super chilled waters
convergence zone the area where the frigid waters around Antarctica meet the warmer waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans
krill Nutrient-rich, deep waters rise to the surface, feeding millions of small shrimp like creatures
sultanate a state ruled by a sultan
nonalignes nations a nation that adopted neutrality during the cold war
subcontinent a large landmass forming a distinct part of a continent
alluvial plains a broad expanse of land along riverbanks, consisting of rich, fertile soil left by floods
monsoons a seasonal shift in the prevailing winds that influences large climate regions
nationalism pride in on's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation
nonviolent resistance the policy of opposing an enemy or oppressor by any means other than violence
boycott to refuse to purchase or use a product or service as an expression of disapproval
partition a division into separate parts
reincarnation the belief that the soul of a human being or animal goes through a series of births, deaths, and rebirths
caste system a social hierarchy in which a person possesses a distinct rank in society that is determined by birth
charpoy a wooden bed frame with knotted string in place of a mattress
sari a brightly colored cloth, worn by many Indian women, that is draped over the body like a long dress
purdah the practice among Hindu and Muslim women of covering the face with a veil when outside the home
joint family system in India, the custom of housing all members of an extended family together
cottage industry a small-scale manufacturing operation using little technology, often located in or near people's homes
hydroelectric power Electricity that is generated by moving water
irrigate the watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
embankment dam a wall of soil and rock to hold back water
buffer state a country that separates two hostile countries
malnutrition Disease caused by a lack of food or an unbalanced diet
deforestation the process of stripping the land of its trees
Created by: michaelburgess
 

 



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