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Motivation & Emotion

TermDefinition
Instincts Automatic behavior that is genetically programmed into an entire species
Motivations Goal-directed behavior; feelings or ideas that cause us to act toward a goal
Lateral Hypothalamus Hunger motivation; causes the desire to eat and the desire to stop eating
Set-Point Theory Proposes that the body monitors fat cell levels to keep them (and weight) fairly stable
Primary Drives Biological needs; drives that are not learned. Motivates behavior essential for survival. (i.e. hunger, thirst, sex, sleep)
Incentives An external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior
Intrinsic Motivators Motivated to perform for a great feeling of personal satisfaction, and trying to perform the behavior for its own sake (long lasting)
Extrinsic Motivators Motivated to perform specific behaviors to achieve promised outside rewards or to avoid punishment from others
Achievement Motivation The need to master difficult challenges, to outperform others, and to meet high standards of excellence
Drive Reduction Theory Some physiological need occurs that creates a state of tension, which in turn motivates you to reduce the tension or satisfy the need
Secondary Drives Acquired through learning; affiliation, social achievement, aggression, power. (ex: money, grades, friends, intimacy, acceptance, praise, etc.)
Opponent-Process Theory of Motivation States that people are usually at a normal, or baseline, state. Often used to explain addictive behaviors. We perform acts that move us from the baseline state (smoking a cigarette) and give us a good feeling, but eventually return to our baseline
Arousal Theory Each individual has an optimal level of arousal that varies from one situation to the next; maintained by desire at that moment
Approach-Approach Conflict A choice must be made between two attractive goals
Approach-Avoidance Conflict A choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects.
Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict A choice must be made between two unattractive goals
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs A systematic arrangement of needs, according to priority, in which basic needs must be met before less basic needs are aroused (Abraham Maslow)
James-Lange Theory of Emotion Suggests that we feel emotions because of biological changes caused by stress (William James & Carl Lange)
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion Suggests that the biological change and the cognitive awareness of the emotional state occur simultaneously (Walter Cannon & Philip Bard)
Two-Factor Theory Suggests that both our physical responses and our cognitive label combine to cause any particular emotional response (Stanley Schachter)
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) Selye's model of the body's stress response, consisting of three stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
Obesity Being overweight
Bulimia Eating disorder characterized by eating large amounts of food in a short period of time and then getting rid of the food by vomiting, using laxatives, and exercising excessively
Anorexia Eating disorder characterized by intense fear of gaining weight, disturbed body image, refusal to maintain normal weight, and dangerous measures to lose weight
Created by: cbcampos95