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Motivation&Emotion

TermDefinition
Instincts A natural or inherent impulse or behavior; the capacity of an organism to complete a complex behavior automatically, without intermediate conscious awareness.
Motivations the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors
Lateral Hypothalamus the brain area that drives organisms to eat when electrically stimulated; if destroyed organisms will stop eating.
Set-Point Theory he point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set; when the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.
Primary Drives unlearned; found in all animals and humans; motivates behavior that is vital to the survival of the individual/species; hunger, thirst, sex, sleep, BR needs
Incentives external stimulus that motivates behavior; do not need to be aware of it to happen; does not have to be primary or an active, cognitive secondary drive;
Intrinsic Motivators internal motivation; completing the activity because it please you; ex. Singing, reading, crosswords, etc.; some people turn these things into extrinsic motivations like jobs but this is rare
Extrinsic Motivators external motivation; completion of activity because of the consequence: reward or to avoid punishment; ex. Job, chores, school assignment, etc.
Achievement Motivation measured by Work & Family Orientation (WOFO) Scales; need to excel or overcome obstacles; often in areas of work, mastery, and competitiveness; ex. GPA, award winners, standardized test scores (high), etc.
Drive Reduction Theory theory that motivated behavior is an attempt to reduce a state of tension/arousal in the body and return the body to a state of balance
Secondary Drives acquired through learning; affiliation, social, achievement, aggression, power; Ex. money, grades, friends, intimacy, acceptance, praise, etc.
Opponent-Process Theory theory of motivation/emotion that views emotions as pairs of opposites (for example, fear-relief, pleasure-pain).
Arousal Theory each individual has an optimal level of arousal (alertness, paying attention) that varies from one situation to the next; maintained by desire at that moment; may affect your performance (Yerkes-Dodson Law); Advantages-sensation or thrill seekers
Approach-Approach Conflict psychological conflict or a situation of indecision where an individual is confronted having to choose between equally desirable alternatives.
Approach-Avoidance Conflict occur when there is one goal or event that has both positive and negative effects or characteristics that make the goal appealing and unappealing simultaneously.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs.
James-Lange Theory of Emotion suggests that emotions occur as a result of physiological reactions to events. According to this theory, witnessing an external stimulus leads to a physiological reaction.
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion states that we feel emotions and experience physiological reactions such as sweating, trembling and muscle tension simultaneously.
Two-Factor Theory there are bodily emotions, but we use the emotions/information to tell us how to reaction in the situation; only when we think, recognize, do we experience the emotion
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) the body's short-term and long-term reactions to stress
Obesity a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health
Bulimia an illness in which a person binges on food or has regular episodes of overeating and feels a loss of control. The person then uses different methods, such as vomiting or abusing laxatives, to prevent weight gain.
Anorexia an eating disorder that makes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height.
Created by: nkumte