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Motivation & Emotion

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Instincts A natural or inherent impulse or behavior; unlearned.
Motivations Feelings or ideas that cause us to act towards a goal.
Lateral Hypothalamus Part of the brain that causes hunger.
Set-Point Theory States that bodies are programmed and will fight to maintain a weight range.
Primary Drives Biological needs; thirst, hunger, etc
Incentives Stimuli that we are drawn to due to learning; we associate stimuli with rewards and punishments and are motivated to seek the reward.
Intrinsic Motivators (Long Lasting) Rewards we get internally; things that satisfies you personally, you personally enjoy the challenge. Satisfied emotionally, identity wise, in relationships, less stressful
Extrinsic Motivators (Use is short lived) Rewards we get for accomplishments from outside ourselves; paychecks, bonus/tokens, outside praise, material items; Less fulfilling in life, high stress, never satisfied.
Achievement Motivation A desire for significant accomplishments; mastery of things and ideas, attaining a high standard.
Drive Reduction Theory Idea that a physiological need creates a drive (aroused tension state) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
Secondary Drives Learned drives; money
Opponent-Process Theory of Motivation States people are normally at a baseline state and though we may perform an act that moves us from the baseline state, we feel a motivation to return to the baseline state.
Arousal Theory States that we are motivated to engage in behaviors in order to increase or decrease our arousal levels.
Approach-Approach Conflict The organism is forced to choose b/w 2 desirable stimuli.
Approach-Avoidance Conflict The organism is attracted and repulsed by the same situation or stimulus.
Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict The organism is forced to choose b/w 2 undesirable alternatives.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs People are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to advanced needs; Physiological needs, Security needs, Social needs, Esteem needs, & Self-Actualizing needs.
James-Lange Theory of Emotion Emotions occur as a result of physiological reactions to events. See snake=Trembling=I'm afraid.
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion Physiological reactions occur as a result of emotions. See snake=I'm afraid=Trembling.
Two-Factor Theory Focuses on the interaction between physical arousal and how we cognitively label that arousal. We have to identify the arousal in order to feel the emotion.
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) Hans Seyle; Our response pattern to different physical and emotional stresses. 1.Alarm Reaction-Recognize Danger 2.Resistance Stage-Stress Being Resolved 3.Exhaustion Phase- Stress continues to decline (overload period & burnout period)
Obesity The condition in which a person is severely overweight, normally over 100 pounds, which is negatively impacting their health. It could be caused by not only unhealthy eating habits, but genetically predisposed.
Bulimia A eating disorder in which a person eats large amounts of food in a short period of time and gets rid of it by forcing themselves to vomit, excessively exercising, and using laxatives; obsessed with food and their weight.
Anorexia Eating disorder in which a person starves themselves to below 85% of normal body weight and refuse to eat.
Created by: DallasT.