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Gynecologic

QuestionAnswer
GYNecology(Gyn)is the study of the female reproductive system
Obstetrics(OB)is the medical specialty dealing with gestation(pregnancy/parturition),birth and puerperium
Puerperium is the period of time covering six weeks after birth(parturition)
ART stands for Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Infertillity means the inabillity to produce offspring AKA sterillity
Medications to treat infertillity are called ovulation stumulating drugs AKA fertillity drugs
Fertility drugs mimic the effect of Follicle Stumulating Hormone(FSH)and Luteinizing Hormone(LH)
what class is Clomid? Fertility drugs
what class is Fertinex? Fertility drugs
what class is Repronex? Fertility drug
what class is Pregnyl? (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin HCG or hCG) Fertility drug
A medication to INDUCE LABOR is called Pitocin("Pit drip") AKA oxytocin pitocin also treats postpartum bleeding
Pitocin(oxytocin)stumulates the uterus(womb)to contract
Medications used to TREAT POSTPARTUM BLEEDING include: 1.)Pitocin("Pit drip") (oxytocin) 2.)Methergine
Putocin(oxytocin)and methergine stimulate the uterus to contract
Contraception means against conception(fertilization)
Oral medications designed to interfere with conception (fertilization)are called Oral Contraception PillS(OCPs)
Oral Contraceptive Pills(OCPs)are AKA Birth Control PillS(BCPs)or "the pill."
Oral Contraceptive Pills(OCPs)are commonly a combination of estrogen and progestin(progesterone)
The effectiveness of Combined Oral Contraceptive PillS(COCPs)is 95%
Being overweight can reduce the effectiveness of Combined Oral Contraceptive PillS(COCPs)
Oral Contraceptive PillS(OCPs)containing 50 mcg{ug}of estrogen has been linked with a higher incidence of lupus erthematosus
Oral Contraceptive PillS(OCPs)containing 30 mcg{ug}of estrogen do not exhibit this risk
what class is Alesse? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
what class is Aviane? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
what class is Loestrin 24 Fe? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
what class is Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
what class is Ovcon? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
what class is Ortho-Novum? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
what class is Yaz and Yazmin? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
what class is Seasonique? Combined contraceptive pills(COCPs)
Seasonique is a Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill(COCP)is designed to be taken every day for 84 days followed by 7 days of estrogen only pills.Menstruation(menses)should occur during administration of the 7 day estrogen only pills.
Antagonists to Oral Contraceptive PillS(OCPs)include certain antibiotics ans St.John's wort
A once a month TRANSDERMAL CONTRACEPTIVE is called Ortho Evra The effectiveness of Ortho Evra is 95%
A once a month combination VAGINAL CONTRACEPTIVE is called NuvaRing The effectiveness of NuvaRing is 95%
what class is Depo-SubQ Provera(q 3 months) Progestin only contraceptives
Depo Provera is abbreviated DMPA
The effectiveness of Depo Provera is 99%
what class is Ovrette? Progestin only Oral Contraceptive Pill(OCP)
The efectiveness of Ovrette is 95%
To be effective,Progestin only Oral Contraceptive PillS(OCPs)must be taken every day and at the same time each day
Progestasert is a 1 year IntraUterine Device(IUD)
Mirena is a 5 year IntraUterine Device(IUD)
The effectiveness of Progestasert and Mirena is 99%
what class is Paragard? A copper (Cu)based contraceptive intrauterine device(IUD)
Paragard stimulates the release of Leukocytes(WBCs)and prostaglandins from the endometrium(inner lining of the uterus)
These Leukocytes(WBCs)and prostaglandins are hostile towards spermatozoa(sperm)and ova(eggs)
The effectiveness of Paragard is 99%
Paragard is also an EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVE if inserted within 3-5 days after unprotected intercourse (coitus or copulation)
Menopause (ages 45-55)is cessation (stopping)of menstruation(menses)due to hormone estrogen insufficiency
The diagnosis (Dx)of menopause is given after 12 consecutive months without menstruation(menses)
The time leading up to menopause is called menopausal transition OR perimenopause
Signs(Sx)AND symptoms(SX)associated with perimenopause AND menopause include: 1.)Dyspareunia(painful intercourse) 2.)Hot flashes 3.)Mood swings 4.)Insomnia 5.)Fatigue 6.)Xeroderma(dry skin)
Long term health problems associated with perimenopause AND menopause include: 1.)Osteoporosis(OP) 2.)Coronary Artery Disease(CAD)
Medications to relieve the signs(Sx)and symptoms (SX)of perimenopause AND menopause are called Estrogen Replacement Therapy(ERT)
Estrogen Replacement Therapy(ERT)is AKA Hormone Replacement Therapy(HRT)
what class is Premarin? Estrogen Replacement Therapy(ERT)
what class is Estraderm? Estrogen Replacement Therapy(ERT)
what class is Femhrt? Estrogen Replacement Therapy(ERT)
Combined Oral contraceptive PillS(COCPs)and Estrogen Replacement Therapy(ERT)increase the risk of thrombus(clot)formation which increases the risk of Myocardial Infarction(MI) and Cerebral Vascular Accident(CVA) especially in smokers and over age 35.
Progestin only contraceptives do not increasee the risk of thrombus(clot)formation
Benefits of combined Oral Contraceptive PillS(COCPs)include: 1.)Reduced PreMenstrual Syndrome(PMS)symptoms(SX) 2.)Reduced risk of endometrial AND ovarian malignancies 3.)Reduced risk of Iron Deficiency Anemia(IDA) 4.)Reduced Acne Vulgaris(AV)
A medication to treat hot flashes associated with menopause is called Brisdelle AKA paroxetine(low dose antidepressant)
A medication prescibed to induce an abortion is Mifeprex
An oral medication to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse(coitus,copulaion)AKA "the morning after pill"
Plan B One Step is 89% effective if administered within 72 hours
Plan B One Step is 95% effective if administered within 24 hours
A medication to prevent seizures associated with eclampsia(toxemia)is magnesium("mag")sulfate(MgSO(a little four at the bottom.)
The second child of a Rh+ father AND Rh-mother can be afficted en utero with a condition called Erythroblastosis Fetalis (EF)OR Rh incompatibility disease OR Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDN)
Erythroblastosis Fetalis(EF)occus when an Rh-mothers immune system peceives an Rh+ fetus as foreign AND attacks the fetal erythrocytes(RBCs)
A medication prescibed as a pophylaxis(preventative)for Erythroblastosis Fetalis (EF)is called RhoGAM
Medications contraindicated duing breast feding include: 1.)ASA(aspirin) 2.)Antitussive(cough suppessant) medications with alcohol(ETOH) 3.)Antihistamines except non-drowsy Claritin OR Alavert (loratadine)
Premenstrual Syndome(PMS)is a group of symptoms(SX)that start 1 to 2 weeks Before menstruation(menses)AND usually cease with the onset of menses(menstruation)
Symptoms (SX)of premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)include: 1.)Dysmenorrhea(painful menses) 2.)Fluid retention(edema) 3.)Mastalgia(breast pain) 4.)Cephalalgia(head ache) 5.)WeighT (WT)gain
Medications to treat premenstrual syndrome(PMS) include: 1.)Midol 2.)Pamprin 3.)Premsyn
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)is a severe AND debilitating form of PreMenstrual Syndrome(PMS)
PreMenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)can become severe enough to interfere with work,social activities, and relationships
Signs(Sx)and symptoms(SX)of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder(PMDD)include: 1.)Neuroses (anxiousness) 2.)Insomnia 3.)Major Depressive Disorder(MDD)
what class is Xanax? (alprazolam) Treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder(PMDD)
what class is Zoloft(antidepressant) Treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder(PMDD)
what class is YAZ? Treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder(PMDD) YAZ is also prescribed to treat chronic acne
The primary thyroid hormone is called thyroxine AKA T3 AND T4
Thyroxine(T3 AND T4)is necessary to regulate proper metabolism
Metabolism is the rate at which the body burns energy
Hyposecretion of thyroxine(hypothyroidism)is called myxedema
Medications to treat myxedema (hypothyroidism)are called thyroid supplements
Thyroid supplements include: 1.)Thyrolar 2.)Synthroid OR Levothroid OR Unithroid AKA levothyroxine
A synthetic growth hormone (GH)is called Humatrope AKA somatropin
A synthetic antidiuretic hormone (ADH)is Pitressin AKA vasopressin
Corticosteroids are powerful Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAIDS)
what class is Cortone? (cortisone) Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAID)
what class is Decadron? (dexamethasone) Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAID)
what class is Cortef OR Solu-Cortef AKA (hydrocortisone) Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAID)
what class is Deltasone? (prednisone) Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAID)
what class is Medrol OR Solu-Medrol? (methylprednisolone) Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAID)
what class is Kenacort? Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAID)
what class is Kenalog? Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAID)
Adverse effects of prolonged Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(SAID)use include: 1.)Hypertension(HTN) 2.)hypokalemia(deficient potassium) 3.)Hypernatremia(excessive sodium) 4.)Hyperglycemia{excessive Blood Sugar(BS)} 5.)Weight gain(WT) 6.)Heart disease 7.)Psychosis
Diabetes Mellitus(DM)is characterized by: 1.)The pancreas produces insufficient amounts of insulin 2.)The cells of the body have difficulty utilizing insulin produced AKA Insulin Resistance Syndrome(IRS)
Insulin is necessary for the body to metabolize
Glucose is the body's primary source of energy
IDDM stands for Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus AKA type 1 diabetes mellitus(DM)OR juvenile onset diabetes Mellitus(DM)
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)requires daily subcutaneous (subQ OR subcu) insulin injections
what class is Humalog? Insulin
what class is Novolog? Insulin
The Novolog Flexpen is a prefilled,dial-a-dose,disposable injection device
what class is Levemir? Insulin
what class is Lantus? Insulin
Insulin kept at a temperature between 36.0 and 86.0 F can remain stable AND potent for 28 days
Insulin intended for future use should be refrigerated between 36.0 and 46.0 F Do not freeze.
NIDDM stands for non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mullitus AKA type 2 diabetes Mellitus(DM)OR adult(maturity)onset
Medications to treat Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus(NIDDM)are called oral antidiabetics
Oral antidiabetic medications stumulate the pancreas to produce more insulin and/or decrease Insulin Resistance Syndrome (IRS)
Oral antidiabetics include: 1.)Diabinese 2.)Glucotrol (glipizide) 3.)DiaBeta OR Micronase (glyburide) 4.)Glucophage (metformin) 5.)Glucovance (glyburide and metformin) 6.)Actos
what class is Garamycin? (gentamicin) Ophthalmic medication
what class is Vigamox? Ophthalmic antibiotics
what class is Ilotycin? (erythromycin(neonates)) Ophthalmic medication
Glaucoma is caused by an increase in IntraOcular Pressure (IOP)
If left intreated, glaucoma will eventually lead to permanent blindness
Ophthalmic Medications to treat glaucoma include: 1.)Lumigan 2.)Xalatan 3.)Cosopt
Mydriasis means pupillary dilation
A common mydriatic is atropine
an ophthalmic dye and anesthetic is called Fluoracaine
Medications that decrease the swelling of mucous membranes, alleviate nasal stuffiness and sinus congestion, allow secretions to drain, and help open the Eustachian tubes are called decongestants
what class is Sudafed? (pseudoephedrine) Decongestant
what class is Afrin? Decongestant
The risk of Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA)increases by combining Sudafed(pseudoephedrine) with Zoloft(antidepressant)
A side effect of decongestants is HyperTension(HTN)
Decongestants should not be given to children under 6 unless directed by a physician
The imflammatory response occurs whenever the body is injured
injury to the body can be caused by an allergen
allergens include: 1.)pollen 2.)ragweed 3.)animal dander 4.)mold 5.)dust,etc
Signs(Sx)and symptoms (SX)of the inflammatory response include: 1.)edema(swelling) 2.)erythema(redness) 3.)warmth 4.)pruritus(itching)
the inflammatory response increases blood flow to the injured area in order to speed healing
The faster the healing process, the less the chance of infection
The chemical responsible for the inflammatory response is histamine
Medications used to block the action of histamine are called antihistamines
what class is Zyrtec? Antihistamine
what class is Benadryl? (diphenhydramine) Antihistamine
what class is Allegra? Antihistamine
what class is Claritin OR Alavert? (loratadine) Antihistamine
Antihistamines should not be given to children under 6 unless directed by a physician(NBC)
some antihistamines have a side effect of drowsiness
Corticosteroids are very effective anti-inflammatory medications
what class is Rhinocort? Ear Nose AND Throat (ENT)corticosteroids
what class is Nasalide? Ear Nose AND Throat (ENT)corticosteroids
what class is Flonase? Ear Nose AND Throat (ENT)corticosteroids
what class is Nasonex? Ear Nose AND Throat (ENT)corticosteroids
what class is Nasacort? Ear Nose AND Throat (ENT)corticosteroids
what class is Omnaris? Ear Nose AND Throat (ENT)corticosteroids
Medications to suppress coughing are called antitussives
Antitussives include: 1.)codeine (codeine is also classified as a narcotic analgestic) 2.)Benylin DM 3.)Robitussin 4.)Vicks 5.)Delsym (dextromethorphan)(DM)
Medications used to reduce the viscosity(thickness)of sputum(phlegm)so that patients can more easily expectorate(cough up)are called expectorants
a common expectorant is Mucinex (guaifenesin)
Candida albicans(candidiasis)is AKA monilia
Candida albicans(candidiasis)OR monilia can cause thrush or vaginal yeast infections
Antifingal medications to treat thrush include: 1.)Mycelex 2.)Mycostatin OR Nilstat AKA (nystatin)
some antifungal medications are applied topically as a solution where the patient will "swish AND swallow"
antifungals to treat thrush(candidiasis OR monilia)are also supplied as a troche AKA lozenge OR Pastille
Topical anesthetics are for the oral cavity AND/OR pharynx(throat)include 1.)Cepacol OR Anbesol OR Chloraseptic OR Orabase (benzocaine)
benzocaine can cause a life threatening depletion of oxygen(O2)in the blood of children under the age of two
A topical anesthetic AND vasoconstrictor to control epistaxis(nosebleed)is cocaine
A chemical cautery on an applicator stick used to cauterize superficial blood vessels(e.g.epistaxis)is called silver nitrate(AgNO(little three below)
Created by: BLM1095
 

 



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