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Acids And Bases

Revision of Acids And Bases chapters

QuestionAnswer
List some everyday acids. Lemon Juice, Vinegar, Coke
List the lab acids. Hydrochloric Acid, Sulphuric Acid, Nitric Acid
List some everyday bases. Toothpaste, Milk Of Magnesia, Bread Soda, Gaviscon, Window Cleaner, Caustic Soda
List some lab bases. Limewater, Sodium Hydroxide
What is the chemical formula for Sodium Hydroxide? NaOH
What is the chemical formula for Hydrochloric Acid? HCl
What do you call a substance, which shows by means of a colour change, if a substance is acidic or basic? An indicator
Name an indicator. Litmus Paper, Methyl Orange, Universal Indicator
What colour does litmus change to in an acid? Red
What do you call a substance, which is neither an acid nor a base? Neutral
What is the range of the pH scale? 0-14
What pH have neutral substances? 7
What do we call substances with a pH lower than 7? Acids
What do we use to test the pH of a substance? Universal Indicator Paper
What is another name for a base which is soluble in water? Alkali
What is it called when an acid and a base cancel each other out? Neutralisation
Name the gas produced when an acid and a metal react together. Hydrogen
Name the second substance produced when a metal reacts with an acid (besides the gas). A Salt
Name the gas produced when an acid reacts with a base that's a carbonate. Carbon Dioxide
Name the acid produced when carbon dioxide reacts with moisture in the atmosphere that causes rain to be acidic. Carbonic Acid
Name the acid produced when Sulphur Dioxide reacts with moisture in the atmosphere that causes rain to be acidic. Sulphuric Acid
Created by: joeykenn
 

 



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