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World Geography(A12)

Ch. 34, 28, & 29 Vocabulary

Aborigine An original inhabitant; one of the original inhabitants of Australia.
Lagoon A shallow body of water separated from the sea by coral reefs or sandbars.
Cyclone A violent, rotating windstorm.
Outback Remote, sparely settled, arid, rural country, especially the central and western plains and plateaus of Australia.
Artesian Well A well that is drilled deep enough to tap a layer of porous material filled with groundwater.
Atoll A ring-shaped coral island surrounding a lagoon.
Geyser A natural hot spring that shoots a column of water and steam into the air.
Trust Territory A dependent colony or territory supervised by another country by commission of the United Nations.
Crevasse A deep crack in glacial ice.
Ice Shelf A massive extension of glacial ice over the sea, often protruding hundreds of miles.
Pack Ice Floating sea ice formed by a mix of icebergs with other ice formed in superchilled ocean waters.
Convergence Zone An area of severe storms where the frigid waters circulating around Antarctica meet the warmer waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans.
Krill Small, shrimplike creatures; food for whales and fish.
Sultanate A state ruled by a sultan.
Nonaligned Nation A nation that adopted neutrality during the cold war.
Subcontinent A large landmass forming a distinct part of a continent.
Alluvial Plain A broad expanse of land along riverbanks, consisting of rich, fertile soil left by floods.
Monsoon A seasonal shift in the prevailing winds that influences large climate regions.
Nationalism Pride in one's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation.
Nonviolent Resistance The policy of opposing an enemy by any means other than violence.
Boycott To refuse to purchase or use a product or service as an expression of disapproval.
Partition A division into separate parts.
Reincarnation The belief that the soul of a human being or animal goes through a series of births, deaths, and rebirths.
Caste System A social hierarchy in which a person possesses a distinct rank in society that is determined by birth.
Charpoy A wooden bed frame with knotted string in place of a mattress.
Sari A brightly colored cloth, worn by many women, that is draped over the body like a long dress.
Purdah The practice among Hindu and Muslim women of covering the face with a veil when outside the home.
Joint Family System In India, the custom of housing all members of an extended family together.
Cottage Industry A small-scale manufacturing operation using littler technology, often located in or near people's homes.
Hydroelectric Power Electricity that is generated by moving water.
Irrigate The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers.
Embankment Dam A wall of soil and rock to hold back water.
Buffer State A country that separates two hostile countries.
Malnutrition Disease caused by a lack of food or an unbalanced diet.
Deforestation The process of stripping the land of its trees.