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Motivation and Emoti

AP Psychology

TermDefinition
instincts inherited, complex automatic species-specific behavior
achievement motivation individual's need to meet realistic goals, receive feedback and experience a sense of accomplishment
Maslow's hierarchy of needs arranges biological and social needs in priority from the lowest level of basic biological needs, safety and security, belongingness and love needs, self esteem needs, and self actualization needs
motivations feelings or ideas that cause us to act toward a goal
drive reduction theory behavior is motivated by biological needs does not explain all behaviors, such as adrenaline addicts
James-Lange theory of emotion the conscious experience of emotion results from your awareness of automatic arousal and comes only after your behavioral response to situations
lateral hypothalamus causes animal to eat when stimulated
secondary drives learned drives
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion theory that emotions and physiological states occur simultaneously
set-point theory the hypothalamus wants to maintain certain optimum body weight
opponent-process theory of motivation following a strong emotion, an opposing emotion counters the first emotion lessening the experience of that emotion
two-factor theory we determine an emotion from our physiological arousal and then label that emotion according to our cognitive explanation for the arousal
primary drives biological needs
arousal theory motivated by the need for an optimum level of excitement or arousal
general adaptation syndrome (GAS) Selye's three stage process (alarm, resistances, and exhaustion) that describes our biological reaction to sustained and unrelating stress
incentives stimuli that we are drawn to due to learning
approach-approach conflict a conflict in which the individual must choose between two positive stimuli or circumstances
obesity severely overweight, unhealthy eating habits, some are genetically predisposed
intrinsic motivators a desire to perform an activity for its own sake rather than for an external aard
approach-avoidance conflict situations involving whether or not to choose an option that has both a positive and negative consequence
bulimia two phases: binging and purging, feeling guilty for eating fatty foods
extrinsic motivators the desire to perform a behavior for a reward or avoid punishment
avoidance-avoidance conflict situations involving two negative options, one of which we must choose
anorexia eating disorder most common in adloscent females characterized by weight less than 85% of normal, abnormally restrictive food consumption, and an unrealistic body image
Created by: 10004189