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Science

Mass movement, water erosion, wind, waves, glaciers

QuestionAnswer
When waves crash onto the beach at an angle a _________ is created along the coastline. Drift
The process where wind picks up sediment and moves it. Deflation
What is till? The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits.
The land features that can be made by glacial erosion. Arete, horns, cirques, and glacial lakes.
land features made by glacial deposition. Moraine, drumlin, kettle lakes
What is a moraine? The till deposited at the edge of a glacier.
What is a drumlin? A long mound of till that is shaped in the direction of the glacier’s flow.
What is a kettle lake? A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till.
What force causes a wave to slow down and break when it reaches shallow water? Friction
What land features are made from wave erosion? Sea caves, sea arches, sea stacks, and wave cut cliffs.
land features made by wave deposition. Barrier Beach, sandbar, and spit.
What is a barrier beach? A beach that protects the mainland behind it from storm surge.
What is a Sandbar? A deposit of sand parallel to the shore.
What is a spit? When longshore drift adds sediment to existing land along a shoreline.
What is the difference between a sand dune and a loess? A sand dune can be much larger especially the ones found in deserts. A loess is a fine sand deposit that can be fertile for planting.
What is gravity? The force that moves rock and other materials.
What causes mass movement? Gravity
What are the four types of mass movement? Landslides, mudslides, slumps, creeps.
What is a landslide? The occurrence of rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope.
What is a mudslide? The rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil.
What is a slump? A mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope.
What is a creep? The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil.
What is the material moved by erosion called? Sediment
What is deposition? Deposition is the occurrence of agents of erosion lay down sediment.
What is the major agent that has shaped Earth’s surface? water
What is a runoff? A runoff is all the remaining water that moves over Earth’s surface.
The five factors that control the amount of runoff. The amount of rain an area receives. Vegetation. The type of soil. The shape of land. How people use the land.
What is a rill? Tiny grooves in the soil.
What are gullies? A large groove or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm.
What is a stream? A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope.
What land features are created by water erosion? Valleys, waterfalls and rapids, flood plains, meanders and oxbow lakes.
What features are made by deposits from rivers? Alluvial fans, deltas, and soil added for flood plains.
What is Karst Topography? A type of landscape.
Created by: 16nrizzo
 

 



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