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Rigsby Ch14 Diseased

Nail Diseases, Disorders and Conditions

TermDefinition
onychosis any disease, disorder or condition of the nail
If a disease is present: no service can be performed; the client must be referred to a physician
If a disorder is present: nail services may be done with care; the client may want to consult a physician for help and information
If a condition is present: nail services can be performed, and the condition should improve with correct techniques, products or improved nutrition
Etiology cause of disease, disorder or condition
systemic throughout the system; causes are internal
six signs of infection pain, swelling, redness, local fever, throbbing and pus
Onychomycosis or tinea Unguium or Unguis ringworm of the nail
Onychomycosis or tinea Unguium or Unguis Causes: fungus, disease related
Onychomycosis or tinea Unguium or Unguis nail becomes thick and discolors from black to brown or beige to white; can develop white scaly patches with yellow streaks under nail plate; deformed nail may fall off; must be diagnosed and treated by physician.
Tinea pedis "athlete's foot" or ringworm of the feet
Tinea pedis Cause: Fungus, disease related; thrives in dark moist places
Tinea pedis itching and peeling of the skin on the feet; blisters containing colorless fluid form in groups orsingly on sores and between toes, leaving sore or itchy skin on one or both feet: must be diagnosed and treated by physician
paronychia or felon inflammation of skin around the nail
paronychia or felon Cause: bacterial infection of tissue surrounding the nail; infected hangnail; prolonged exposure to water
paronychia or felon red, swollen, sore, warm to touch, can loose nail; diagnosed and treated by physician
onychoptosis shedding or falling off of nails
onychoptosis Cause: disease or injury
onychoptosis nail will regrow if causing disease is cured; must be treated by a physician
Onychia Inflammation of nail matrix
Onychia Cause: bacterial infection
Onychia pus, redness, swollen and tender, nail may stop growing, plate may detach;diagnosed and treated by physician
Onychatrophia atrophy or wasting away of nail
Onychatrophia Cause: injury or systemic disease
Onychatrophia nail shrink in size and may separate from nail bed; refer to physician
Onlycholysis loosening or separation of the nail
Onlycholysis Cause: internal disorder; infection or drug treatment;systemic, disease related
Onlycholysis loosening of nail plate starting at free edge and progressing to the lunula; nail doesn't come off but stays attached at root area; must be diagnosed and treated by physicain
Blue Nails appear bluish in color
blue nails Cause: systemic problems of the heart, poor circulation, injury
blue nails blue color in skin under nails; manicure with caution, refer to physician
eggshell nails very thin, soft nails
eggshell nails Cause: hereditary or nervous condition
eggshell nails thin almost see-through, transparent; regular application of top coat, nail strengtheners or artificial nails, good nutrition
corrugations horizontal wavy ridges across the nail
corrugations injury, systemic conditions, uneven growth
corrugations lightly buff to level the nail surface; apply a base coat or ridge filler
kolionychia spoon nails, nails with a concave shape
kolionychia cause: systemic or long-term illness or nerve disturbance
kolionychia file carefully; apply no pressure to nail plate; use polish to harden and protect nails
furrows indented vertical lines down the nail plate
furrows cause: injury to matrix, nutrition, injury or illness, exposure to harsh chemicals, pushing too hard with pusher during nail service
furrows lightly buff; apply base coat or ridge filler
onychogryposis claw nails; increased curvature of nail
onychogryposis cause: systemic
onychogryposis increased thickness and curving of nail; may occur with age or injury; refer signs of infection to physician
onychocryptosis ingrown nails
onychocryptosis cause: environmental or poor nail trimming practices; shoes too tight
onychocryptosis trim nails across to prevent; if infection present refer to physician; only physician can remove nail
onychauxis hypertrophy; a thickening of the nail plate or abnormal outgrowth of the nail
onychauxis Cause: injury to nail or systemic
onychauxis can be lightly buffed; likely to disappear
agnails hangnails, split cuticles; loose skin partially separated from the cuticle
agnails Cause: overly dry cuticles; environmental
agnails skin breaks from corners of nails can be trimmed with cuticle nippers; moisturize; avoid massaging area; use cuticle oil daily
bruised nails show dark purplish discoloration under the nail
bruised nails Cause: trauma to nail; environmental
bruised nails bruised area will grow out with normal nail growth
Leuconychia white spots appearing on the nail
Leuconychia Cause: injury to the nail; systemic, nutritional
Leuconychia small separation from nail bed, grows out with nail
pterygium the living skin that becomes attached to the nail plate either at the eponychium or the hyponychium
pterygium Cause: severe injury to the eponychium or hyponychium
pterygium living skin attached to nail plate; can disrupt normal nail growth; no service on affected nails
onychophagy bitten nails
onychophagy cause: nervous habit, stress related
onychophagy perform weekly nail service; if biting stops, nails will regrow
onychorrhexis split or brittle nail
onychorrhexis cause: injury, improper filing, harsh chemicals
onychorrhexis file with emery board carefully; soften nails well before trimming; hot oil manicure; wear gloves when hands are in chemicals
discoloration can indicate serious problem in the the nail bed or nail plate and should be referred to physician
Created by: TSRigsby
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