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Chapter 15

Unit 6

TermDefinition
Levels of conciousness Concious, Preconcscious, unconscious
Preconscious elements of subconcious easily brought into conscious
Unconscious Id, ego, superego
Id child part of personality; pleasure seeking
Ego compromiser
Superego does the right thing
eros love
Thanatos Death; thrill seeker
Psychosexual development theory Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital stages
Oral stage birth-1.5; suck on item to satisfy sex drive; born with sex drive
Anal stage 1.5-3 stimulation to anus
Phallic Stage 3-6 notice physical difference between males and females-->then unconscious sex drive
Oedipus complex Phallic stage; boys; develops lust for mom, hate for dad
Electra complex Phallic stage; girls; sexual attraction to dad, resentment towards mom
Penis envy Phallic stage; girls; upset about not having a penis
Latency 6-puberty; sex drive gets pushed further into unconscious; gender separation
Genital stage puberty+; resolve sex drive in socially appropriate manner
Defense Mechanisms unconscious, aids to the ego; temporary
Projection DM; when an individual places an internal conflict on a safe target
Denial DM; to refuse to accept
Rationalization DM; justifying one's socially unacceptable behavior
Fixation Oral, anal, phallic stages; sex drive is stuck
Identification DM; individual attempts to alliance with another person
Reaction formation DM; display opposite emotion than what they feel
Sublimation DM; internal conflict is redirected to positive behavior
Displacement individual places an external conflict on safe target
Regression DM; immature behavior
Intellectualization DM; unconscious problem solving
Repression DM; subconscious burial of problems and memories
Neo-Freudians Jung & Adler
Jung Personal unconscious & collective unconscious
Personal unconscious persona & Shadow
Persona alterego; what you want people to think you are
shadow real person
Collective unconscious common personality traits
Anima feminine side to a man
Animus masculine side to a woman
Adler Birth order theory
Birth order theory unconscious personality traits based on birth order
Projective testing internal conflict put into question
Freudian slip accidental release of info from unconscious mind
Free association sentence completion/word association
Humanistic Theory Self-Actualization Theory & Self Thoery
Self-Actualization Theory Maslow; Pinacle of greatness in one area
Self Theory Rogers; Ideal self & Real self
Ideal Self Your ideal self
Real self "I" "Me" "Person" "Self"; how you really are
Trait Theory Characteristics you are born with
Allport Identified 18,000+ behavior patterns
Common/nomothetic Traits share with others
Cardinal/deagraphic traits traits unique to you
Cattell Used factor analysis to schematize Allport's work; 46 surface; 16 sources (core)
Eysencks Categorized Cattell's 16 source traits into 4 temperaments
Big 5 CANOE
Conscientiousness organized, responsible
Agreeable loving; considerate
Neuroticism high end; lack of control of emotions
Openness desire to try new things
Extroversion Socialability, outgoing
Myers-Briggs E or I; S or N; T or F; J or P
MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory; most commonly used by professions
Social-Cognitive Theory Contingency Theory; Locus of Control Theory; Reciprocal Determinism
Contingency Theory Skinner; Personality develops from awards and punishments
Locus of Control Theory Rotter; Internal & External
Internal Locus of Control Need Control
External Locus of Control Don't need control
Reciprocal Determinism Bandura; Personal, Environment, Behavioral
Personal determinism Cognitive
Environmental determinism Social
Behavioral Determinism Action
Created by: maechtlesarah