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Nail Disorders

Nail Disorders and Diseases

TermDefinition
Bruised Nails Blood clot forms under the nail plate forming a dark purplish spot
Ridges Running vertically down the length of the natural nail plate are caused by uneven growth of the nails (usually results of aging)
Eggshell Nails Thin, white nail plates that are much more flexible than normal
Beaus Lines Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate
Hangnail or Agnail Living skin splits around the nail
Leukonychia Spots white spots that are a whitish discoloration of the nails usually caused by injury to the nail matrix.
Melanonychia Darkening of the fingernails, or toenails
Onychophagy Bitten nails
Onychorrhexis Split or brittle nails
Plicatured nail Folded nail
Nail Pterygium Abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by the nail plate
Blue Nails Nails turn a variety of colors
Corrugations wavy ridges caused by uneven nail growth
Furrows Depressions in the nail that run either lengthwise or across the nail
Infected Finger Redness, pain, swelling or pus
Onychatrophia Wasting away of the nail
Onychauxis Overgrowth in thickness of the nail
Tile-Shaped Nails Increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate
Trumpet Nails Edges of the nail plate curl around to form the shape of a trumpet or cone around the free edge
Onychosis Any deformity or disease of the nail
Onychia Inflammation of the nail matrix followed by shedding of the natural nail plate
Onychocryptosis Ingrown nail
Onycholysis Lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding
Onychomadesis Separation and falling off of a nail plate from the bed
Nail Psoriasis Causes tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate
Paronychia Bacterial inflammation of the tissues surrounding the nail
Pyogenic Granuloma Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate
Tinea Pedis Fungal infections of the feet
Onychomycosis Fungal infection of the nail plate
Created by: Tiffy21
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