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RADT 465: Rad. Proc.

Radiographic Procedures

QuestionAnswer
What are the body planes? Saggital, coronal, and transverse (Saia, pg. 78)
What are the different body habitus? Hypersthenic, asthenic, sthenic, and hyposthenic (Saia, pg. 78)
What are the nine regions of the abdomen? right hypchondrium, epigastrium, left hypochondrium, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac (Saia, pg. 80)
What is the definition of radiographic position? refers to body's physical position (Saia, pg. 81)
What is the definition of radiographic projection? describes the path of the CR (Saia, pg. 81)
What is the definition of radiographic view? describes the body part as seen by the IR (Saia, pg. 81)
What vertebra level does the iliac crest lay at? L4 (Saia, pg. 81)
What is the definition of inversion? a turning inward or medial motion of an articulation, sometimes with external tension or stress applied (Saia, pg. 84)
What is the definition of eversion? a turning outward or lateral motion of an articulation, sometimes with external tension or stress applied (Saia, pg. 84)
What is the definition of pronation? turning of the body or arm so that the palm faces backward, with the thumb toward the midline of the body (Saia, pg. 84)
What is the definition of supination? turning of the body or arm so that the palm faces forward, with the thumb away from midline of the body (Saia, pg. 83)
Functions of skeletal system: support, reservoir for minerals, muscle attachment/movement, protection, hematopoiesis (Saia, pg. 91)
Bone tissue types: Cortical (hard, compact) and Cancellous (spongy) (Saia, pg. 91)
What is the structure and function of the diarthrosis category of articulations? Synovial, freely movable (Saia, pg. 93)
What is the structure and function of the amphiarthrosis category of articulations? cartilaginous, partially moveable (Saia, pg. 93)
What is the structure and function of the synarthrosis category of articulations? fibrous, immovable (Saia, pg. 93)
What are the names of the carpals? Trapezoid, trapezium, capitate, scaphoid, hamate, triquetrum, pisiform, and lunate (Saia, pg. 95)
What are the names of the proximal row of the carpal bones, lateral to medial? scaphoid, lunate, triangular, pisiform (Saia, pg. 96)
What are the names of the distal row of the carpal bones, lateral to medial? trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate (Saia, pg. 96)
What are the names of the tarsal bones? calcaneus, talus, navicular, cuboid, medial cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform (Saia, pg. 109)
What does the normal male pelvis present like? narrower, more vertical, deeper from anterior to posterior, pubic angle less than 90 degrees, pelvic inlet narrower and heart shaped/round (Saia, pg. 117)
What does the normal female pelvis present like? wider, more angled toward horizontal, shallower from anterior to posterior, pubic angle greater than 90 degrees, pelvic inlet larger and rounder (Saia, pg. 117)
What are some conditions that require a decrease in exposure factors? arthritis, Ewing's sarcoma, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, Rickets, thalassemia (Saia, pg. 131)
What are some conditions that require an increase in exposure factors? acromegaly, chronic gout, multiple myeloma, osteochondroma, osteopetrosis, Paget disease (Saia, pg. 131)
What are the eight cranial bones? (1) frontal, (2) parietal, (2) temporal, (1) occipital, (1) ethmoid, (1) spenoid (Saia, pg. 150)
What is the Hangman fracture? fx of C2 with anterior subluxation of C2 on C3, result of forceful hyperextension (Saia, pg. 151)
What is the Blowout fracture? fx of orbital floor as a result of a direct blow (Saia, pg. 151)
What is a Linear fracture? a skull fx, straight and sharply defined (Saia, pg. 151)
What are the 14 facial bones? (2) nasal bones, (2) lacrimal, (2) palatine bones, (2)inferior nasal conchae, (2) zygomatic, (2) maxillae, (1) vomer, (1) mandible (Saia, pg. 154)
What are the divisions of the pharynx? nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx (Saia, pg. 168)
Created by: cltuggle