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wk#3 study#1

pharm

QuestionAnswer
Hallucinogenic LSD/ Psilocybin(mashroom)/ Mescaline(Peyote)
Halucinogenic LSD Stimulant -Last 12hrs, causes sensory distortions, Pseudohallucinations, synesthesia(seeing sounds), perceptual distortions in the size of objects and body parts, tachycardia, flashbacks are known to happen.
Hallucinogenic-Sings LSD Tolerance develops rapidly, physical(body) dependency does not develop.Elevated body temperature,elevated blood pressure, tachycardia, hyperrfelexia, dilated pupils, anxiety, hallucinations, psychotic behavior.
Other hallucinations-natural sources Psilocybin(mashroom)-Last 3-6hrs/ Mescaline(peyote)-last 1hr
Treatment for hallucinagenic Protect patient from injury, keep in quiet place, give sedative
Stimulant drugs-1.Amphetamines, 2. cocaine Highly addicted, Stimulant to the central nervous system (CNS)
Stimulant drugs-1.AMPHETAMINES Highly addicted because of how they react in the brain
Stimulant drugs-1.AMPHETAMINES Increase the amount of nerepinephrine (NE) and dopamine(DA) within the brain the addiction happens in limbic system the DA levels influence the behavior activity also the physical performance and psychological mood.
AMPHETAMINES-stimulant drugs People feel more confident, alert, increase endurance, hyperactive
AMPHETAMINES Intravenously = Initial rush INTRAVENOUSLY use people get the INITIAL RUSH when a euphorical effect for a short period (speed). When drug effect is done people CRASH (sleep) for long periods and wake feeling depressed so they want to RESUME drug use to feel better.
AMPHETAMINES-stimulant tolerance- tolerance develops rapidly to euphoria and appetite. Dependency- physical withdrawal, extreme fatigue, mental depression, strong desire for fatigue.
AMPHETAMINE-stimilant long term Highly stereotyped behabior(Doing something over and over again). Phychotic behavior paranoid, schizophrenia, aggressive behavior
Discontinue of Amphetamines-stimulant Mild to moderate physical withdrawal symptoms, mostly psychological in nature, fatigue depression, strong desired for the drug again
Intoxication of amphetamines-stimulant Paranoid psychosis, hyperthermia, profuse sweating, respiratory difficulties. tremors, tachycardia, arrhythmias(irregular heart beat), hypertension, intracranial hemorrhage, sudden death.
Treatment for amphetamine stimulant Support vital functions, providing symptomatic therapy, acidifying urge will increase excretion, adrenergic blockers, vasodilators to control excessive sympathetic and cardiovascular stimulation, sedative (Diazepam)
Designer drug- amphetamines stimulant These drugs are a mixture of LSD and amphetamines, methleredioxyamphetamine MDA love drug, Methamphine MDMA ectasy
COCAINE stimulant consumption- effect=amphetamines Orally, intranasal, intravenously
COCAINE stimulant time Wears off in 20-30 minutes which means you must take the drug more often which leads to drug dependency.
cocaine treatment Sedative(diazepam), vasodilators to control excessive sympathetic and cardiovascular stimulant, adrenergic blockers, acidifying urine will increase excretion, providing sympatomatic therapy, supporting vital functions.
Psychotomimetic (PCP) PHENCYCLIDINE 4-6hrs General anaesthetic for animals, was used on humans, had high incidence of emergence delirium
(PCP) PHENCYCLIDINE-psychotomimetic 4-6hr Taken inhalation, oral, insuffations, intravenously. /CNS stimulant, CNS depression, peripheal(outside the CNS), autonomical(heart), effectsanalgesia, anticonvulsant activity.
(PCP)PHENCYCLIDINE- psychotomimetic taken..4-6hr Taken in small amounts has the similar effects as amphetamines and larger amounts people become disoriented and speech is slurred reflexes, this state can last 4-6 hrs.
(PCP)PHENCYCLIDINE-phycotomimetic effect..4-6hr Then a depressed state occurs along with paranoid behavior could take days for person to return to normal. Higher doses can cause person to show anxiety, agitation hallucinations and violent behavior death can occur.
(PCP)PHENCYCLIDINE-phycotomimetic dependency/tolerance 4-6hr DEPENDENCY-predominantly psychological rather than physical depression and anxiety and craving for the drug. TOLERANCE-develops fairly during chronic use, have to take larger doses to get high. TREATMENT SAME AS LSD
Marijuana Hemp Plan(cannabis) 3-4hrs Tetrahydrocannabitol THC is the active substances in marijuana, Most common route inhaling smoke, begins 5-15 min peak at 30-90 min can last 3-4 hr
Marijuana effects 3-4hrs YOu feel happy,but your brain slows halucinate, conjunctival reddening, increase heart rate, relaxation, euphoria, increased sociability, sense of time passing slowly, imparement of short memory spam.
Marijuana more serious effects 3-4hr Increase appetite, sometimes alteration of auditory, visual perceptions, dysphoria(feeling of discomfort of unpleasantness), acute panic anxiety, psychotic episodes(unmasking psychotic disorder)
Marijuana treatment 3-4 hrs Therapeutic use of THC- NAUSEA AND VOMITING ASSOCIATED WITH CHEMOTHERAPY, GLAUCOMA, PAIN MANAGEMENT. Dronopil capsules are given to AIDS patients to increase appetite.
Alcohol 10-15mL per hr sedative -hypotic and anxiety agent
Alcohol effects 10-15mL per hr CNS, Heart, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, liver. CNS- Depression of inhibitory areas within the brain, produces some analgesia, antpyresis(fever reducing), increases the inhibitory effects of GABA
Alcohol causes 10-15mLper hr Causes people to feel stimulated and less self-conscious and flashed feeling, Absorbed through the entired GI tract goes all through the body but mostly to the CNS, Metabolized slowly in liver 10-15mL per hr
Alcohol tolerance 10-15mL with prolong and excessive use, physical dependency develops must be used continously to avoid withdrawal symptoms, chronic consumption physical dependence change in cell function many health issues.
Created by: carmen26