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Mass Movement , Glaciers , and Erosion Study Guide

A _______ is any large mass of ice that moves slowly of land? Glacier
Times when continental glaciers cover large parts of earths surface are called _________. Ice Ages
A glacier picks up rocks through a process called ___________ . Plucking
The sediment deposited directly by a glacier is called _____________. Tills
A Moraine is __________________________ Mounds or ridges of till deposited at the end of a glacier
A Horn is ____________________________ A sharpened peak
A Cirque is ______________ A Bowl-shaped hollow
A Kettle Lake is __________________
What is the most important type of erosion? Water Erosion
​When waves crash onto the beach at an angle a _________ is created along the coastline. Longshore drift
​The process where wind picks up sediment and moves it is called _______ Deflation
What is till? A till is the sediments that are deposited directly by a glacier j
A Drumlins is _______________ A large mound of till that is higher on one end
OWhat land features are made from wave erosion? ​Sea Arches , Sea Stacks , Sea Caves , Wave Cut Cliffs
What is a Barrier beach? ​A barrier beach forms when storm waves pile up sand above sea level.
What s a sandbar? ​A sand bar is large ridges of sand parallel to shore n
What is a spit? ​A beach tah projects like a finger out into the water. Headland interrupts a longshore drift.
What is mass movement and what causes it? Mass Movement is Mass movement are several proceses that move downhill, caused by gravity.
What are the four types of mass movement? Explain each type. The Four types of Mass movement are slump , creep , mudslide , and landslide. A mudslide is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock and soil. A creep is a very slow downhill of rock and soil.
What are the four types of mass movement? Explain each type. ( Continue ) A landslide is the most destructive type of mass movement, which happens when rock and soil quickly slide down a steep slope. A slump is when a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope.
What is the material moved by erosion called? The Material moved by erosion is called sediment
What is deposition? Deposition is the change of land. Deposition occurs where the agents of erosion lay down sediment.
What is the major agent that has shaped Earth’s surface? The The major agent that has shaped Earths surface is Moving Water. Moving Water creates Landforms
What is runoff? List and explain the five factors that control the amount of runoff. A run off is all the remaining water that moves over earth’s surface Define
Rills Tiny grooves in the soil, as runoff travels.
Gullys A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm.
Stream A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope.
RIver A large Stream
What land features are created by water erosion? Explain each one. The land features created by water erosion are valleys, waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes. Oxbow lakes are when meanders are cut off. A landslide is a flat, wide area of land along a river.
What land features are created by water erosion? Explain each one. ( continue ) A meander is a looplike bend in the course of a river. Waterfalls occur when a river meets an area of rock that is very hard to weather away and there is softer rock farther down the river.
What features are made by deposits from rivers? Explain each one. The land features created by deposition are alluvial fans , and deltas. It creates alluvial fans when a stream flows out of a steep mountain valley , as it becomes wider and shallower.
What features are made by deposits from rivers? Explain each one. ( continue ) An alluvial fan is a wide , sloping deposit formed where a stream leaves a mountain range . A delta is sediment deposited where a river flows into a ocean or lake builds up landform.
What is Karst Topography Karst Topography is Landsacpe marked by caves and sinholes
What is stalagmite? calcite deposit from floor of a cave
What is stalactite? calcite deposit form the ceiling of a cave
What two features can form from groundwater deposition? Caves and sinkholes
Created by: 16nkarnam