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RADT 465 Image Proce

ARRT Registry Review

QuestionAnswer
Why do we take AP and PA images for an IVP? To look at anatomy: position of the kidneys. Also to look for any pathology such as stones. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What percent of the population have the hypersthenic body type? 5% (Prof Schmuck worksheet)
What represents the neck on the scotty dog? Pars interarticularis (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What anatomy are we looking for on a T-Tube cholangiogram? Post operative biliary ducts. Looking for patency of the ducts. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
Why do we perform obliques for an IVP? (What anatomy)? Downside ureter, upside kidney (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What is the difference in a cystogram and a voiding cystogram? Cystogram is a test looking for structure of bladder. VCUG is a test looking at function of bladder. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What structures of the stomach are barium filled in a recumbent RAO? Pylorus and part of body. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
The fundus is air filled and we are looking at the retrogastric portion of the image. What position is the patient in? Upright left lateral. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
The patient is in a LPO position for a lower GI study. What anatomy are we looking at? The ascending colon and hepatic flexure. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
If the body of the stomach is full of air, the fundus is full of barium, and the pylorus has both, what position is the patient in? Recumbent supine. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
Looking at a radiograph, we see the ascending colon full of barium and the splenic flexure air filled, what position is the patient in? Right lateral decubitus. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What level is the water soluble contrast injected into for a myelogram? Subarachnoid space. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What skull projection visualizes the occipital region and shows symmetric image of the petrous pyramids, the dorsum sellae, and posterior clinoid processes within the foramen magnum? PA axial (Hass/ Reverse Townes). (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What skull projection visualizes the symmetric images of the petrosa, mastoid processes, foramina ovale and spinosum, carotid canals, ethmoidal sinuses, mandible, dens, and occipital bone? SMV. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What does the PA axial (Caldwell) projection demonstrate? Petrous pyramids are projected into the lower thrid of the orbits, anterior ethmoidal air cells, frontal bone and frontal sinuses. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What percentage is the sthenic body type? 50%. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What does the eye represent in the scotty dog? Pedicle. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What does the nose represent in the scotty dog? Transverse process. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What body type has a lateral gallbladder, high and transverse stomach, and short and wide lungs? Hypersthenic. (Prof. Schmuck's worksheet)
What are the three different types of bones? (the shapes) Long bones, Short/Flat bones, Irregular bones (Prof Schmuck's notes)
What are the three classifications of joints? (movement) Synarthrodial, Amphiarthrodial, and Diarthrodial. (Prof Schmuck's notes)
How many bones does the cranium and face have? 8 cranial and 14 facial bones. (Prof Schmuck's notes)
What bones make up the floor of the skull? Ethmoid, sphenoid, temporal, frontal. (Prof Schmuck's notes)
What is the main different between AP and PA projections of the skull? Magnification of the orbits in the AP. (Prof Schmuck's notes)
What are the lines we use to position head work? GAL, OML, IOML, AML, LML, MML. (Prof Schmuck's worksheet)
What are the points on the face we use to position head work? Glabella, acanthion, nasion, and mentum. (Prof Schmuck's worksheet)
What skull position demonstrates superimposed cranial and facial structures; anterior and posterior clinoid processes and supraorbital margins should be superimposed? Lateral skull. (Saia, D. "Radiography PREP". 2012. (7))
Ulnar deviation will best demonstrate with of the following: 1. medial carpals 2. lateral carpals 3. scaphoid? Lateral carpals and scaphoid. (Saia, D. Lange Q&A. 2012. (9). p. 56,102.)
The ossified portion of a long bone where cartilage has been replaced by bone is called...? Metaphysis. (Saia, D. Lange Q&A. 2012. (9)p. 60, 103).
What is the type of cancerous bone tumor occurring in children and young adults and arising from bone marrow? Ewing sarcome. (Saia, D. Lange Q&A. 2012. (9) p. 61, 103).
Created by: smenke