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Unit 11

Bonding Vocab

TermDefinition
a type of bond that traditionally has a metal and a non-metal bonded together. It also has a great degree of difference between the electron affinities of the atoms and results in one atom giving up their valence electrons to the other atoms. ionic
a bond where the atoms have similar electron affinity so the atoms share their valence electrons covalent
a type of bond between charged or partially charged molecules, such as water that creates surface tension between charged water molecules hydrogen
a bond that has the positive atomic nuclei surrounded by negatively charged electrons that are free to float from one atom to another such as a "sea of electrons" metallic
a positively charged atomic structure cation
a negatively charged atomic structure anion
a way to draw atoms showing only the valence electrons to discover the way in which the atom will bond lewis structure
a geometric arrangement of atoms as a solid crystal lattis structure
A mixture of metals, such as dental fillings alloy
the outer shell of electrons of all atoms is known as the _____________ It is determined by what family the atom belongs to and indicates how the atom will bond with other atoms valence shell
an ion, charged molecule, composed of many atoms polyatomic ions
A bond that shares 2 electrons single covalent bond
A bond that shares 4 electrons double covalent bond
A bond that shares 6 electrons triple covalent bond
Draw CCl 4 Lewis structure CCl4 lewis structure
Draw H2O Lewis Structure H2O lewis structure
Draw HCl Lewis structure HCL lewis structure
Draw F2 Lewis Structure F2 lewis structure
Draw H2S Lewis structure H2S lewis structure
Draw NF3 Lewis structure NF3 lewis structure
Balance the chemical equation on the board
Balance the chemical equation on the board
What is a Hydrocarbon and where do they come from? A hydrocarbon is a molecule that contains Hydrogen and carbon. They are made from fossil fuels and are named after the number of carbons it possesses.
What are these? Propane, butane, methane Hydrocarbons
Determine what type of a bond a hydrocarbon will have. Do, like the practice sheets
If I have this formula am I a hydrocarbon? C6H12O6 No, that is a sugar molecule.
Is this a hydrocarbon? C6H12 Yes, it is a form of hexane
Why are plastics dangerous in the Environment? Using information from the unit, write a paragraph discussing the evidences from the labs and documentaries we did in class.
Explain what polymers are and how they effect formulas. Using evidence from the labs and lab documents, write a paragraph.
Are petrochemicals Hydrocarbons? Yes