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Pharm

TermDefinition
Bisacodyl/ Senosides Irritate Bowel wall and increase the peristalsis movements
Triptons S/A: Dizziness, myalgia Contraindications: CAD, PVD Treatment: Vasoconstriction for migrains
Sucralfate (Carafate) Sticky Adhesion that doesn't affect the PH level but gives a barrier S/A: Constipation Treatment of peptic ulcer disease, and GERD
Celecoxib (Celebrex) Cox-2 Inhibitor Treatment: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic S/A: Increase chance of cardio events (MI, Stroke). Periphreal edema, lower incidence of GI effects, head ache, dizziness
Ibuprofen Inhibits Cox 1-2 Treatment: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, reversible antiplatlet S/A: GI upset/bleeding, periphreal edema, heart failure, MI, stroke potential, hypertension, renal impairment... Watch the urine out put for renal function
Psyllium (Metamucil) Bulk forming laxatives Treatment: Increases the water absorption solidifying stool
Ergot Alkaloids Treatment: Migrains vasoconstrictor S/A: N/V, myalgia, numbness/ tingling Contraindications: PVS, CAD
Altram/ Tramidol Opioid derivative: some pain relief but not as strong S/A: Lowers seizer threshold
Opiods S/A: Respiratory depression, sedation, urinary retension, nausea, constipation, dizziness, pruitius No ceiling dose
Opioid agaonist/ antagonist Lower potential for abuse, lower respiratory derision, less analgesic effects S/A: CNS depression, N/V, constipation, respiratory depression
Opioid antagonist Naloxone: Block receptor to reverse opioid action used for overdose withdrawal symptoms if ph is physically dependent Methlynalterzone: Blocks periphreal opioid can opioid constipation takes only 30-60 minutes to work
H2 Receptor Blockers Histamine 2 blockers short term use of GERD and PUD
Aspirin (Acetysalicilic acid) Treatment: Analgesic, antipyretic, irreversible antiplatlet S/A: Allergies, GI distress, occult bleeding, Reye syndrom (Under 19) Nephrotoxicity, hepatotoci, tinnitus
Antacids Treatment: Increase the PH of the stomach acid by using.. Use of calcium, magnesium, sodium and aluminum S/A: Rebound acid affect, hyper calcemia, hypernetrimia, aluminum-- constipation, magnesium--dirrehea
Acetominophen (Tylenol) Treatment: Antipyretic, Not anti-inflammatory, not anti-platelet S/A: hepatooxic, watch alcohol intake, hepatitis,
Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) "Prazole" Treatment: GERD, peptic ulcer disease S/A: long term osteoporosis, C. Diff, pneumonia, B12 deficiency
Nitrofurantoin Class: Macrodantin Treatment: UTI S/A: DIscolors urine brown,
Rifampin Treatment: MRSA S/A: Discolor body fluids orange, jaundice, behavioral changes, bone marrow suppression
Nystatin (Mycostatin) Treatment: Anti-fungal Candidiasis/ vaginal over growth
Metronidazole Treatment: C. Diff cholitis, GI, GYN infections and STD's S/A: Metalic taste in mouth, furry tongue Do not drink with alcohol gives very bad reaction
Cepholosporines "Ceph" Related to penicillin S/A: Allergy (Rash, hives), N/V/D, steven Johnson syndrome, phlebitis Cation: Renal function, and cross sensitivity
Penecillins Treatment: Antibiotic S/A: Rashes, uriticaria, N/D/V, stomatitis, superinfections Cation: Renal function, history of allergies, oral contraceptives don't work as well
Zanamivir/ Oseltamivir Treatment: of prophylaxis of influenza must start within 48 hours of symptoms Antiviral
Aminoglycosides Treatment: antimicrobial S/A: ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity Narrow TI
Isoniazied (INH) Treatment: TB treatment Must take 6-9 months or will not work S/A: Suppliment B6, periphreal neropathy, hepititis
Acyclovir (Zovirax) Treatment: Antiviral... Genital herpes, cold sores, shingles
Macrolides " Thromycin" Treatment: Antimicrobials S/A: Allergy (Rash), abdominal cramping, serious drug interactions, cardiac dysrhthmias, liver diseases
Phenazoyridine Treatment: UTI analgesic Discolors urine bright orange
Glycopeptide/ Vancomycin S/A: Rash, hypersensitivity (Redneck/ red man syndrome) nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, phlebitis Cation: Renal function, look at serum drug levels for too and nephrotoxicity
Sulfonamides Treatment: UTI S/A: Blood dyscrasias, crystalluria, photosensitivity, toxic epidermal necrolysis
Amphtericin B Ampho "terrible"-- Antifungal S/A: Chills/fever/Rigor, 'Shake N Bake', Hypotension, nephrotoxic, hypokalemia, hypomagnesion
Carbapenems "Penems" S/A: Rash, puritis, N/V/D, superinfections Cation: Cross sensitivity, renal function
Floroquinolenes "Floxacin" Treatment: UTI respiration problems S/A: Achilles tendon ruptur, periphreal neropathy, N/V/D, phlebitis, photosensitivity, superinfection Do not give with calcium, iron and magnesium
Fluconazole (Diflucan) Treatment: Anti-fungal "Swedish drug" Many drug interactions
Tetracyclines "Cyclines" Treatment: Acne, lyme disease, anthrax S/A: photosensitivity, toth discoloration, N/V/D, pseudomembanoous colitis Cation: Liver problems, do not give with calcium, Mg, Iron or antacids
Clindamycin "Cleocin" Treatment: Antimicrobial S/A: Psueodomembraneous cholitis can occur up two months after antibiotic
Antihistamines Block H1 receptors: Allergies, motion sickness, insomnia, urticaria, rash, anaphylaxis S/A: N/V, constipation, dry mouth, anticholenergic effects
Corticosteriods (Intranasal) Treatment: Allergies, nasal polyps S/A: Nasal burning/ bleeding, fungal infection
Theophylline (Theolair) Treatment: Asthma late treatment, bronchodilation for COPD S/A: Tachycardia, irritability, restlessness, insomnia, headache, abdominal pain Toxicity: Early (GI distress, insomnia), Late (Tremors, seizures, dysrhythmia, hypotension Many drug interactio
Methylxanthine Derivatives Modest bronchodilation: Asthma treatment and COPD Narrow Theraputic index
Created by: 1445857330
 

 



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