Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Fluid & Electrolyte

Nursing-fluids and electrolytes test 2

Osmolality measure of solute concentration, defined as the number of osmoles of solute per 1 L of solution.
Sources of Water Oral, foods, from oxidation, parenteral fluids, enteral feedings
"Normal" water loss skin, lungs, GI tract, kidneys, insensible loss
water loss from lungs 300-400ml/day
water loss from GI tract 100-200 ml/day
water loss from insensible loss 600ml/day (evaporation)
Isotonic contraction (Def) Na and water lost in isotonic proportions
Isotonic contraction causes blood loss, vomiting, diarrhea, kidney disease, diuretics
Isotonic Contraction treatment Isotonic solutions (0.9 NS, lactated ringers) 0.9 NS only fluids used in blood transfusion process
Hypertonic Contraction (def) loss of water exceeds loss of sodium
Hypertonic contraction causes excessive sweating, osmotic diuresis, concentrated feedings in infants, burns, CNS disorders
hypertonic contraction treatment hypotonic fluids (1/4 NS, free water, D5W)
Hypotonic Contraction (def) loss of sodium exceeds loss of water
Hypotonic contraction causes excessive sodium loss through kidneys-diuretic therapy, chronic renal insufficiency, lack of aldosterone
Hypotonic contraction treatment 0.9% NS if mild, Hypertonic solutions (3% NS) if severe
fluid volume deficit- monitor: I & O, DAILY WEIGHTS (2.2lbs=1000ml fluid), skin turgor, increased UOP w/ normal specific gravity, VS, clear sensorium, labs
Created by: mcwethe



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards