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Psychology

Chapter 6

TermDefinition
Phonology The structure of the sounds of the words in a language.
What are the essential characteristics of all languages? 1. Phonology 2.Synthx 3.Semantics 4.Pragmatics
What three properties are used during visual mental imagery? 1. Spatial extent 2. Limited field of view 3. Limited resoluntion
Concept The idea that underlies the meaning of a word or image.
Typicality The degree to which an entity is representative of a concept.
Prototype The most typical example of a concept.
Functional fixedness When solving a problem, getting stuck on one interpretation of an object or one aspect of the situation.
Heuristic A rule of thumb strategy that does not guarantee the correct solution to a problem but offers a likely shortcut to it.
What are two types of reasoning? Deductive and inductive reasoning.
Confirmation bias A bais to seek information that will confirm a rule and not to seek information that would refute the rule.
Verbal Comprehension Assesses the test taker's understanding of verbal information.
Perceptual Reasoning Assesses the test taker's reasoning about nonverbal information;
Working Memory Assesses the test taker's ability to hold and manipulate information in working memory.
Processing Speed Assesses the test taker's ability to focus his or her attention and to use information quickly.
Theory of multiple intelligences Gardner's theory of eight distinct forms of intelligence, each of which can vary for a given individual.
Analytic intelligence The ability to learn to write clearly, do math, and understand literature.
Practical Intelligence The ability to do such things as fixing a car or sewing on a button. It relies on learned responses and skills that guide our actions.
Creative Intelligence The ability to formulate novel solutions to problems.
Test bias Features of test items or test design that lead a particular group to perform well.
Down Syndrome A type of mental retardation that results from the creation of an extra chromosome during conception.
Gifted People who have IQs at least three standards deviations above the means.
Types of thinking Divergent and convergent
Created by: jordan.fox