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Anti-infective drugs

QuestionAnswer
anti-infective medications are commonly referred to as antibiotics
Antibiotics are effective against many types of bacteria
antibiotics are NOT effective against any viral infection
For antibiotics to be effective against a bacterial infection they must be taken on time and until the prescription is completed Example:if an antibiotic prescription is written Trimox 250 mg po q.i.d. AND there are 40 doses, the patient must take the medication every 6 hours around the clock for 10 days.
If this procedure is not followed, the infection can remain AND the possibility of a resistant strain of bacteria can be created.
Bacteria are identified by using staining technique
Bacteria that stain pink are called gram negative
Bacteria that stain violet are called gram positive
Broad spectrum antibiotics are effective against a variety of different types of bacteria
antibiotics can reduce the effectiveness of an influenza vaccination
Pubilx offers the following antibiotics free: amoxicillin ampicillin cephalexin(capsules+suspension only) sulfamethoxazole(SMZ)& trimethoprim(TMP) ciprofloxacin(excluding XR) penicillin VK
The listed Publix antibiotics are available for anyone with a prescription(Applies for supplies lasting up to 14 days)
Sulfonamide antibiotics are commonly referred to as "sulfa drugs"
what class is Sulfadiazine? sulfonamide antibiotics
what class is Gantrisin?(sulfisoxazole) sulfonamide antibiotics
what is the generic name of Gantrisin? sulfisoxazole
what class is Bactrim OR Septra? (sulfamethoxazole(SMZ)&trimethoprim(TMP){free} sulfonamide antibiotics
what is the generic name of Bactrim OR Septra? sulfamethoxazole(SMZ)$trimethoprim(TMP){free}
Penicillin is abbreviated PCN
what class is Amoxil? (amoxicillin) penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is Trimox? (amoxicillin) penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is Principen? (ampicillin) penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what is the generic name of Principen? ampicillin
what class is Pfizerpen OR Bicillin OR Permapen?(penicillin) penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is Ticar? (ticarcillin) penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is dicloxacillin? penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is nafcillin? penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is oxacillin? penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is piperacillin? penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is methicillin? penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
what class is augmentin? penicillin(PCN)antibiotics
Penicillin(PCN)resistant bacteria produce a antagonistic enzyme called penicillinase
MRSA stands for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)is resistant to the following penicillin antibiotics: methicillin amoxicillin penicillin dicloxacillin nafcillin oxacillin
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)is normally found in 1% of the general population
The most common place to find Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)is a hospital OR nursing facility
Most Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)infections are not serious but some can be life threatening
Risk factors for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)infection include: 1.)Diabetes Mellitus(DM) 2.)Cancer(Ca) 3.)Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS)
Outbreaks of Community Associated Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(CAMRSA)have been seen where people share close quarters such as schools,gyms,and day care centers
The most effective technique to prevent transmission of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)is proper hand washing
PRSP stands for Penicillin Resistant Streptococcus pneumonia
what class is cefadroxil? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Duricef? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefazolin? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cephalexin?{free) cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Keflex? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefaclor? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Ceclor? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefditoren? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Spectracef? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefotetan? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefoxitin? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Mefoxin? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefprozil? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Cefzil? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefuroxime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Ceftin? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Zinacef? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefdinir? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Omnicef? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefepime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Maxipime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefixime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Suprax? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefoperazone? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Cefobid? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefotaxime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Claforan? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is cefpodoxime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Vantin? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is ceftazidime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Tazicef? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Ceptaz? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Fortaz? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is ceftibuten? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Cedax? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is ceftizoxime? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Rocephin? cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Ceftobiprole? cephalosporin antibiotics
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)is resistant to cephalosporin antibiotics except Ceftobiprole
Many patients who are allergic to penicillin(PCN)antibiotics are also allergic to cephalosporin antibiotics
what class is Garamycin? (gentamicin) aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is kanamycin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is Kantrex? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is amakacin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is Amakin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is neomycin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is paromomycin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is Humatin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is streptomycin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is tobramycin? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is TOBI? aminoglycoside antibiotics
what class is Tobrex? aminoglycoside antibiotics
Aminoglycoside antibiotics can be nephrotoxic(kidney failure)and/or ototoxic(deafness)
what class is Vibramycin or Vibra-Tabs(doxycycline)? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is demeclocycline? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is Declomycin? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is Mincoycline? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is Dynacin? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is Minocin? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is tetracycline? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is Sumycin? tetracycline antibiotics
what class is Cipro? (ciprofloxacin) miscellaneous antibiotics
Cipro(ciprofloxacin)can lose effectiveness if combined with fruit juices
what class is Zithromax Z-Pak? (azithromycin) miscellaneous antibiotics
what class is Biaxin? miscellaneous antibiotics
what class is Levaquin? miscellaneous antibiotics
what class is Floxin? miscellaneous antibiotics
what class is Avelox? miscellaneous antibiotics
E.E.S. OR Eryzole OR Eryderm OR Eryc OR EryPed OR Erythrocin OR Ery-Tab OR Pediazole AKA erythromycin
Erythromycin drops(gtt)are commonly used to treat Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STDs)in the eyes of a neonate(NewBorn){NB}
what class is Vancocin? (vancomycin) miscellaneous antibiotics
Vancocin(vancomycin)is commonly prescribed to treat Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA)
VRSA stands for Vancomycin Resisant Staphylococcus
Probenecid is a medication that prolongs the therapeutic blood levels of ampicillin and cephalosporins
A class of medications that some antibiotics have an antagonistic effect upon are the Oral Contraceptive Pills(OCP)AKA Birth Control Pills(BCP)
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Only 55 cases of occupational exposure has resulted in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) infection
The "window period"for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)is 2 weeks to 6 months
The "window period" is the time between exposure to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) and detection with a blood test
A person with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)can transmit the virus to others during the window period
The average incubation period between Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)exposure and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS)is 2-10 years
The diagnosis of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS)occurs when the CD4 T lymphocyte count drops below 200 mm(floating 3)OR an opportunistic infection occurs
Opportunistic infection include: 1.)PCP(Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia) 2.)TB (TuBerculosis) 3.)KS(Kaposi's sarcoma) 4.)Herpes Simplex Virus(HSV)1+11
Herpes Simplex Virus 1(HSV1)causes herpetic stomatitis AKA cold sores
Herpes Simplex Virus 11 (HSV11)causes genital herpes
Herpes zoster causes shingles
Candida albicans(candidiasis) causes vaginal yeast (fungal)infections and thrush(oral cavity)
Antiviral medications work by interfering with the reproductive cycle of the virus targeted
what class is Retrovir? (zidovudine) Antiviral medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)and acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)
what class is Epivir? (lamivudine) Antiviral medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)and acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)
what class is Sustiva? (efavirenz)(EFV) Antiviral medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)and acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)
Retrovir (zidovudine) Epivir(lamivudine) and Sustiva(efavirenz) are routinely given in combination and called an "AIDS" cocktail
These antiviral medications to treat the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) must be taken every day in order to prevent the Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) from developing a resistance
Lithobid(lithium) is used to treat the Human Immunodeficiency virus(HIV)and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDs)because of the side effect of leukocytosis
Leukocytosis means an elevated White Blood cell Count(WBC)
Lithobid(lithium)is primarily used to treat Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD) AKA Manic-Depressive Illness(MDI)
what class is acyclovir? (Zovirax) antiviral medications used to treat herpes simplex virus 1(HSV1)Antiviral medications used to treat the herpes simplex virus 11 (HSV11)antiviral medications used to treat herpes zoster(shingles)
what class is Abreva? antiviral medications used to treat herpes simplex virus 1(HSV1)
what class is Valtrex? antiviral medications used to treat the herpes simplex virus 11 (HSV11)antiviral medications used to treat herpes zoster(shingles)
what class is Zostrix? antiviral medications used to treat herpes zoster(shingles)
what class is Tamiflu? Antiviral medications used to treat influenza A and B
what class is Relenza? Antiviral medications used to treat influenza A and B
what class is Symmetrel? Antiviral medications used to treat influenza A and B
Fungal infections (dermatophytosis) include: 1.)Ringworm AKA tinea corporis 2.)Athlete's foot AKA tinea pedis 3.)Jock itch AKA tinea cruris 4.)Fungal infection of the scalp AKA tinea capitis("cradle cap") 5.)Candida albicans (candidiasis)AKA vaginal yeast infection or thrush -missing one-
Fungal infections(dermatophytosis) include:(the one that was missed) Onychomycosis which is a fungal infection of the nails
Medications used to treat fungal infections(dermatophytosis)are called antifungals
what class is Diflucan? (fluconazole) antifungal
what class is Nizoral? (ketoconazole) antifungal
what class is amphotericin B AKA Fungizone? antifungal
what class is Monistat or Vagistat AKA miconazole OR tioconazole? antifungal
The bag or battle containing IntraVenous(I.V.)fluid,connecting tubing,and a needle or flexible catheter inserted in the vein is called an IntraVenous(I.V.)line
IntraVenous(I.V.)infusion rate orders are usually expressed as Milliliter(mL)/hour OR Cubic Centimeters(cc)/hour
When an IntraVenous(I.V.)fluid os administered over several hours it is called an IntraVenous(I.V.)drip
A drop (gt)is AKA minim
A small bag/bottle of medication connected into the IntraVenous(I.V.)tubing and hung next to the main IntraVenous(I.V.)bag/bottle is called an IntraVenous PiggyBack (IVPB)
IntraVenous(I.V.)tubing has a rubber stoppers to inject medications called ports
For a medication to reach the bloodstream immediately, it is injected into an IntraVenous(I.V.)port and is called an IntraVenous Push(IVP)
Another name for this IntraVenous(I.V.)loading dose is bolus
A very slow infusion of IntraVenous(I.V.)fluid designed to prevent coagulation from occurring at the opening of the InteraVenous(I.V.)catheter is called Keep Vein Open(KVO) AKA To Keeo Open(TKO)
Intermittent administration of IntraVenous(I.V.)medications and fluids via an IntraVenous(I.V.)access site without the IntraVenous(I.V.)tubing or continuous IntraVenous(I.V.)infusion is called a reseal OR HEParin LOCK("hep-lock")
what class is Heparin? anticoagulant
A computer that controls the amount of IntraVenous(I.V.)solution delivered to a patient(Pt)is called an infusion pump
A programmable device allowing a patient(Pt)to administer their own IntraVenous(I.V.)analgesic(narcotic)is called Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA)
A catheter inserted into a peripheral vein AND advanced to the superior vena cava for prolonged IntraVenous(I.V.)therapy such as antineoplastics(chemotherapy)is called a Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter(PICC)
Common INTRAVENOUS FLUIDS(IVF) include: 1.)D5W which stands for dextrose 5% in Water 2.)D10W which stands for Dextrose 10% in Water 3.)D50W which stands for Dextrose 50% in Water
Dextrose is one type of sugar
NS or NSS which stands for Normal Saline Solution AKA 0.9% sodium chloride (NacL)
1/2 NS OR 1/2 NSS which stands for one half normal Saline Solution AKA 0.45% sodium chloride(NaCL)
The term saline means salt
The salts of the body are also referred to as electrolytes("lytes")AND include: sodium(Na),potassium(K),AND ChLoride(CL) D5/NSS which stands for dextrose 5% with 0.9% sodium chloride(NaCL)
LR which stands for Lactated Ringer's AKA Ringer's Lactate(RL)
Ringer's lactate is a solution made of fixed amounts of dextrose,sodium(Na),potassium(K),ChLoride(CL), CALcium(Ca),AND lactate.
D5/RL which stands for Dextrose 5% and Ringer's Lactate
TPN which stands for Total Parental Nutrition AKA hyperalimentation("hyperal")
Total Parenteral Nutrition(TPN)is complete nutrition provided through an IntraVenous(I.V.)catheter,Such nutrition will include: A.IntraVenous(I.V.)lipids AKA Intralipid OR Liposyn. B.)Amino acids for protein creation C.)Salts(electrolytes) D.)Sugar(dextrose)
Lipids are fats
M.V.I which stands for MultiVitamins for Injection
WB which stands for Whole Blood
Erythrocytes which are Red Blood Cells (RBCs)
Leukocytes which are White Blood Cells(WBCs)
Thrombocytes AKA platelets (clot cells)
Plasma which is the liquid portion of the blood containing proteins and clotting factors
PRBCs which stands for Packed Red Blood Cells
Packed Red Blood Cells(PRBC)are concentrated numbers of erythrocytes(RBCs)AND very little plasma
FFP which stands for Fresh Frozen Plasma
Crpoprecipitates which refers to clotting factor(s)
Crpoprecipitates are used to treat the genetic coagulopathy hemphillia
Albumin(Alb.)which is a blood protein
Dextran which is a plasma volmune expander
Blood products are commonly measured in Units(U).
Created by: BLM1095
 

 



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