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RADT 313 Unit 4

Humerus, Shoulder, Clavicle, Scapula

QuestionAnswer
What is trauma to the upper shoulder region resulting in partial or complete tear of the AC or coracoclavicular ligament? AC Joint Separation
What injury is where the distal clavicle is usually displaced superiorly; commonly from a fall? Acromioclavicular Dislocation
What injury is to the anteroinferior aspect of the glenoid labrum, caused by anterior dislocation of proximal humerus? Bankart Lesion
T/F Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae, or fluid filled sacs enclosing the joints? True
What condition generally involves the formation of calcification in associated tendons, caused by pain and limitation of joint movement? Bursitis
What is a compression fx of the articular surface of the humeral head that is often associated with anterior dislocation of humeral head? Hill-Sachs Defect
What is the disability of the shoulder joint caused by chronic inflammation in the joint? Idiopathic chronic adhesive capsulitis
What is impingement of the greater tuberosity and soft tissue of the coracoacromial ligament and osseous arch? Impingement Syndrome
Define Osteoarthritis. Noninflammatory joint disease characterized by gradual deterioration of articular cartilage with hypertrophic bone formation
What is Osteoporosis? Reduction in quantity of bone or atrophy of skeletal tissue
What is chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes throughout body’s connective tissues? Rheumatoid Arthritis
What can occur as an acute, chronic and traumatic injury to one or more of the muscles that make up the rotator cuff? Rotator Cuff tear
What occurs as a traumatic removal of humeral head from the glenoid cavity? Shoulder dislocation
What is an inflammatory condition of the tendon that usually results from strain? Tendonitis
What is the mAs for an AP and AP Axial Clavicle? 8 mAs
What angle is used on the AP Axial Clavicle? 15 degrees cephalad
What is the mAs for an AP AC Joints? 20 mAs
What is the mAs for an AP scapula? 7 mAs
Where is the centering point for an AP scapula? 2” inferior to coracoid process
Where is the centering point for a lateral scapula? Mid-vertebral border of scapula
What is the mAs for an AP humerus? 6 mAs
What is the mAs for a lateral scapula? 13 mAs
Where is the centering point for an AP humerus? Midpoint of humerus
What is the mAs for a Lateral humerus 6 mAs
What is the mAs for an AP Internal/External Shoulder? 6 mAs
Where is the centering point for an AP Internal/External Shoulder? 1” inferior to coracoid process
For an AP external shoulder, how are the epicondyles positioned? Parallel to the IR
For an AP internal shoulder, how are the epicondyles positioned? Perpendicular to the IR
What is the mAs for a Posterior Oblique Glenoid Cavity? 7 mAs
What is the center point for a posterior oblique glenoid cavity? 2” inferior and 2” medial from lateral border of the shoulder
How much is the patient rotated for a posterior oblique glenoid cavity? 35-45 degrees
What is the mAs for a scapula “Y” lateral view? 13 mAs
What is the center point for a scapula “Y” view? 2” below top of shoulder
How much is the patient rotated for a scapula “Y” view? 45-60 degrees
Where is the center point for Garth Method? Angle 45 degrees caudad, center at scapulohumeral joint
What is the mAs for the Garth Method? 12 mAs
How does an AC Dislocation appear? Widening of the AC Joint space
How does an AC Joint separation appear? Asymmetric widening of AC joint compared with opposite side
What appears as possible small avulsion fractures of anteroinferior aspect of glenoid rim? Bankart Lesion
How does Bursitis appear? Fluid-filled joint space with possible calcification
What appears as a compression fracture and possible anterior dislocation of humeral head? Hill-Sachs Defect
What appears as possible calcification or other joint space abnormalities? Idiopathic Chronic Adhesive Capsulitis
What else is Idiopathic Chronic Adhesive Capsulitis known as? Frozen Shoulder
What appears as subacromial spurs? Impingement Syndrome
How does Osteoarthritis look? Narrowing of the joint space
What appears as a thin bony cortex? Osteoporosis
What appears as a closed joint space? Rheumatoid Arthritis
How does a Rotator Cuff Injury appear? Partial or complete tear in musculature of the shoulder
What appears as a separation between humeral head and glenoid cavity? Shoulder Dislocation
What appears as calcified tendons? Tendonitis
What are the breathing instructions for shoulder exams? Suspend breathing
When are x-rays taken for the scapula in terms of patient breathing? Upon expiration
How much is the patient rotated for a Lateral erect(Mediolateral) Humerus? 20-30 degrees oblique
How much is the patient rotated for the Grayshey method? 35-45 degrees toward affected side
How much is the patient rotated for the Scapula Y Lateral view? 45-60 degrees
How much is the tube angled for an AP Apical Oblique Axial shoulder? 45 degrees caudad
How much is the patient rotated for the AP Apical Oblique Axial shoulder? 45 degrees toward affected side
How much is the tube angled for an AP Axial clavicle? 15 degrees cephalad
How much is the patient rotated for a Lateral RPO/LPO scapula? 30 degrees
Created by: magrissom