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Chapter 16

chapter terms

TermDefinition
amino acid basic unit of a protein molecule.
antirejection medication that prevents the body from rejection foreign solid organ transplants.
B Cell antibody-producing lymphocyte involved in humoral immunity.
biologic-response modifiers agents that alter the expression and response to surface antigens and enhance immune cell activities in ways that promote destruction of human malignancies.
cellular immunity specific response to antigens that is medicated primarily by T lymphocytes and macrophages.
cloning reproducing identical copies of a gene by DNA technology.
coagulant replacement plasma protein that is necessary for blood coagulation.
colony-stimulanting factor chemical that stimulates the bone marrow to produce blood cells.
complement lipoproteins and globulins in blood plasma that react with the antigen-antibody complex.
complementary describes nucleotide strands that twist around each other, with each nucleotide base paired up with its counterpart in the other strand.
cytoprotective agent agent administered to reduce the side effects and toxicity of chemotherapy agents
denatured disruption of the structure
diffuse tumor cancerous growth that is widely distributed and is not localized
DNA sequence order of nucleotide bases in the DNA molecule
granulocyte colony-stimulating factor agent thaqt stimulates the bone marrow to produce specific white cells.
hematologic agent drug that acts on the blood and blood-forming organs.
humoral immunity an immune response in which secreted antibodies are transported by bodily fluids.
immune response the immune system's way of providing resistance to disease and malignancy through the production and antibodies and phagocytes
immunoglobulin protein that responds to a specific antigen
lactated ringer's (LR) a solution that is isotonic with blood and generally used for IV administration of medications
macrophage large white blood cell that engulfs antigens, toxins, cellular debris, and digests it, and displays peptides complexed with MHC for recognition by T cells.
lymphatic system network of vessels that carry lymph, the lymph nodes, and the lymphoid organs, including the tonsils, spleen, and thymus.
monoclonal antibody an antibody produced in the laboratory by a culture derived from a single B cell
neoplastic disease disorder that occurs when normal cellular control mechanism become altered.
nucleotide basic unit of a DNA molecule, containing one of four possible bases.
opsonization labeling antigenic material so that it is more readily identified and destroyed by macrophages
oral complications tissue injury to the oral cavity associated with chemotherapy and radiation
plasma cell a B cell that produces freely circulating antibody in very large quantities
plasmid a small circular ring of DNA that can insert itself into bacterial genes and can carry genes from one bacterial cell to another
primary site the original site where cancer s
promoter the part of plasmid DNA where protein production starts
recombinant DNA artificial DNA produced in a laboratory by inserting strands of DNA from one organism into that of another organism
remission condition in which a tumor is inactive, with no cell division or growth.
replication process of copying the DNA of a cell into a new set of DNA molecules to produce a new cell
resistance lack of responsiveness of cancer cells to chemotherapy
secondary site a new cancer tumor site to which malignant cells shave spread from the original site
small lymphocyte T and B memory cells, which carry and preserve information for the recognition of specific antigens.
solid tumor a tumor that forms a solid mass and can be palpated.
T cell lymphocyte that responds to antigens presented on the surface of other cells
terminator the portion of plasmid DNA where protein production stops
transcription the copying of information from a DNA strand onto a RNA strand.
translation the process by which amino acids strung together to manufacture a protein
Created by: joannacone
 

 



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