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Lower leg and foot

lower leg/foot

QuestionAnswer
Action of the Gastrocnemius Flexes the knee and Plantar flexion of the ankle
Origin of Gastroc. Condyles of femur (posterior surfaces)
Insertion of Gastroc. Calcaneus
Nerve of Gastroc. Tibial S1,2
Action of the Soleus Plantar Flexion of the ankle
O- Soleus Soleal Line, proximal, posterior surface of Tibia and posterior aspect of head of Fibula
I- Soleus Calcaneus
N- Soleus Tibial L5,S1,S2
Action of Plantaris Plantar Flexion of ankle and knee flexion
O- Plantaris Lateral Supracondylar line of femur
I- Plantaris Calcaneus
N- Plantaris Tibial L4,5,S1,S2
Action of Popliteus Flex knee and Internally rotate knee
O- Popliteus Lateral condyle of the femur
I- Popliteus Proximal, posterior aspect of tibia
N- Popliteus Tibial L4,5,S1
Action of Peroneus Longus Evert the foot and plantar flexion of the ankle
O- Peroneus Longus Head of fibula and proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula
I- Peroneus Longus Base of 1st metatarsal and medial cuneiform
N- Peroneus Longus Superficial Peroneal L4,5,S1
Action of Peroneus Brevis Eversion of foot and plantar flexion of the ankle
O- Peroneus Brevis Distal 2/3 of lateral fibula
I- Peroneus Brevis Tuberosity of 5th metatarsal
N- Peroneus Brevis Superficial Peroneal L4,5,S1
Action of Tibialis Anterior Inversion of the foot and Dorsiflexion of the ankle
O- Tibialis Anterior Lateral condyle of tibia, proximal, lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane
I - Tibialis Anterior Medial cuneiform and base of 1st metatarsal
N- Tibialis Anterior Deep Peroneal L4,5,S1
Extensor Digitorum Longus Action Extend 2nd- 5th toes. (metatarsaophalangeal and interphalangeal joints)
O- Extensor Digitorum Longus Lateral condyle of tibia; proximal, anterior shaft of fibula and interosseous membrane
I- Extensor Digitorum Longus Middle and distal phalanges of 2nd through 5th toes
N- Extensor Digitorum Longus Peroneal L4,5,S1
Extensor Hallucis Longus Action Extends 1st toe, dorsiflexion the ankle, and Inverts the foot
O- Extensor Hallicus Longus Middle anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane
I- Extensor Hallicus Longus Distal phalanx of first toe
N- Extensor Hallicus Longus Deep peroneal L4,5,S1
Created by: nichta