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Fiber Properties

QuestionAnswer
Abrasion Resistence the ability of a fiber to resist damage from rubbing or surface contact-Durability, Abrasion, resistence, resistance to splitting or pilling
Absorbency (Moisture Regain) the percentage of mooisture a bone-dry fiber will absorb from the air when at standard temerpature and relative humidity.-comfort, warmth, water repellency, absorbency, static buildup, dyeability, soiling, shrinkage, wrinkle resistence
Aging resistence resistence to deleterious changes over time-fabric and product storage
Allergenic Potential the ability to cause physical reations such as skin redness-comfort
Chemical reactivity describes the affect of acids, alkalis oxidizing agents, solvents, or other chemicals
Cohesiveness is the ability of fivers the cling together during spinning-resistenance to raveling and to yarn slippage
Compressibility Is the resistance to crushing-crush and wrinkle resistance
Cover the ability to conceal or protect
Creep is delayed or gradual recovery from elongation or strain-streak dyeing and shiners in fabric
Density & Specific Gravity Measures of the weight of fiber. D- measured in grams per cubic centimeters SG- ratio or fiber mass to an equal volume of water -warmth w/o weight, loftiness, fabric, buoyancy
Dimensional Stability the ability to retain a given size and shape through use and care-shrinkage, growth, care, appearance
Drape is the manner is which a fabric falls or hangs over a 3D form-appearance, comfort
Dyeability is the fiber's receptivity to coloration by dyes-aesthetics and colorfastness
Elasticity the ability of a strained material to recover its original dimenstions immediately after removal of stress-fit and appearance; resiliency
Elastic recovery is the degree to which fibers will recover from strain-processability of fabrics, resiliency and creep
Electrical conductivity the ability to transer electrical charges-poor conductivity, static, fabric cling
Elongation the ability to be stretched, extended, or lengthened. Varies with conditions (wet/dry)-increased tear strength,reduced brittlness, provides "give"
Feltability refers to the ability of fibers to mat together-Fabric can be made directly from fibers, special care is required when fabric is wet
Flammability describes how a fabric reacts to ignition sources-Fabric's ability to ignite and burn
Flexibility the ability to bend repeaedly without breaking-stiffness, drape, comfort
Hand the way a fiber feels, tactile sensation: silky, soft, harsh, crisp, dry-Fabric Hand
Heat conductivity is the ability to transfer hear through a fabric-comfort, cooling effect
Heat retention is the ability to transfer heat through a fabric-comfort, warming or insulation effect
Heat sensitivity is the ability to shrink, soften, or melt when exposed to heat-determines safe cleaning and pressing temperatures
Hydrophobic describes fibers with low affinity or attraction for water-soiling, comfort, care, static build-up
Hydrophilic or hygroscopic describes fibers with a strong affinity or attraction for water-soiling, comfort, care
Loft (compression resiliency) is the ability to spring back to original thickness after being compressed-Springiness, good cover, resistance to flattening
Luster the light reflected from a surface-luster
Mildew resistance is the resistance to growth of mold, mildew, or fungus-storage
Modulus is the resistance to stress/strain to which a fiber is exposed-tenacity, elongation, and elasticity
Moth Resistance is resistence to insect damage-storage
Oleophilic describes fibers with a strong affinity or attraction for oil-soiling, care, appearance
Pilling is the formation of balls of fiber on the fabric surface
Resiliency the ability to return to original shape after bending, twisting, compressing, or a combination of deformations-wrinkle, recovery, crease, retention, appearance, care
Stiffness (rigidity) is resistance to bending or creasing
Strength the ability to resist stress and is expressed as tensile strenght or tenacity-durability, tear strength, sagging, pilling
Sunlight resistance the ability of a fiber, yarn, or fabric to allow light to pass through the structure
Texture is the nature of the fiber or fabric surface-luster, appearance, comfort
Traslucence the ability of a fiber, yarn, or fabric to allow light to pass through the structure-appearance, cover
Wicking the ability of a fiber to transfer moisture along its surface- makes fabrics comfortable, moisture transport
Created by: amy_steinheimer
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