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PERSONALITY TEST #1

terms for exam 1

QuestionAnswer
What is personality? a set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influences his/her behavior, cognition, & motivations
What are inductive theories? theories derived from EXISTING data (ex: the law of effect)
What are deductive theories? hypotheses about the relationship of events are developed FIRST then empirically tested (ex: Freud & other personality theorists)
What is the correlational method? expresses the DIRECTION & SIZE of a relationship by using the CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (research strategy)
What does the experimental method include? (5 things) (1) IV (2) DV (3) experimental group (4) control group (5) random assignment (research strategy)
What is a case study? an intensive study of an individual's life over a long period of time (research strategy)
What are the 2 functions of personality theories? (1) description (2) prefiction
What is testablity? an adequate theory must contain hypotheses that can be DEFINED clearly, MEASURED precisely, and CONFIRMED/DISCONFIRMED in terms of observable events
What are the 6 criteria for evaluating personality theories? (1) comprehensiveness (2) precision & testablity (3) parsimony (4) empirical validity (5) heuristic value (6) applied value
What is comprehensiveness? theories are judged as more adequate & useful if they account for a wide range & variety of phenomena
What is precision? an adequate theory should contain constructs & relational statements that are clearly stated and measured
What is heuristic value? an adequate theory should stimulate new ideas & new research
What is applied value? an adequate theory is capable of providing creative solutions to problems that are of interest and concern to people
What is parsimony? an adequate theory is as economical as possible
Created by: janeberry