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Neurological Drugs

QuestionAnswer
Chronic (recurring)unusual electrical activity in the brain that causes seizures is called epilepsy AKA seizure disorder
Grand mal seizures are characterized by: 1.)LOC(loss of consciousness) 2.)Convulsions that include body stiffening(tonic phase)followed by violent jerking(clonic phase) 3.)Tongue biting 4.)Urinary incontinence which is a loss of bladder control AKA enuresis
Petit mal seizures are characterized by: 1.)Loss of awareness AND staring 2.)twitching(facial)
Petit mal seizures are AKA absence seizures
Absence seizures are more common in children
A warning sign(Sx)OR symptom(SX)of an impending seizure is called an aura(sensory disturbances)
The period of time just after a seizure when the victim is disoriented (confused) is called the postictal period (5-30 minutes)
Medications used to treat seizures are called antiseizure medications OR antiepileptics OR anticonvulsants
what class is Dilantin? antipileptics
what class is Phenytoin? antipileptics
what class is Luminal? antipileptics
what class is phenobarbital("phenobarb")? antipileptics
what class is Lamictal? antipileptics
what class is Keppra? antipileptics
what class is Topamax? antipileptics,treat migraines and Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD)
Medications prescribed to treat psychoses are called Major tranquilizers OR antipsychotics,OR neuroleptics
Use of Topamax during pregnancy (gestation)has been linked to birth defects such as cleft labia AND/OR cleft palate
Extreme seizures activity is called status epilepticus
what class is Diastat? treat status epilepticus
what class is diazepam? sedative also treats status epilepticus
Alxheimer's disease (AD)is characterized by an irreversible and progressive loss of neurons in the cerbral cortex.
Manifestations of Alzheimer's Disease(AD)include progressive difficulty with memory,judgment, and reasoning AKA dementia
what class is Aricept? treat Alzheimer's disease(AD)
what class is Exelon? treat Alzheimer's disease(AD)
what class is Namenda? treat Alzheimer's disease(AD)
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by: 1.)Shaking tremors 2.)muscle rigidity 3.)Bradykinesia(slowness of movement) 4.)Mask-like facial expression 5.)Drooling 6.)Shuffling gait progressing to a loss of ability to ambulate.
Parkinson's Disease(PD) is caused by a deficiency of a chemical neurotransmitter in the brain called dopamine
what class is Duodopa? treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
what class is Parcopa? treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
what class is Sinemet? treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
what class is carbidopa + levodopa? treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
what class is Requip? treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
what class is Mirapex? treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
Mirapex is also used to (class) treat restless leg syndrome(RLS)
the inability to obtain adequate sleep is called insomnia
Medications to treat insomnia are called hypnotics
what class is Ambien? hypnotics
what class is Lunesta? hypnotics
what class is Rozerem? hypnotics
what class is Restoril? hypnotics
what class is temazepam? hypnotics
Over the counter (OTC)hypnotics include: 1.)Nytol 2.)Sominex
The active ingredient in Nytol and Sominex is Benadryl AKA diphenhydramine(It's also a hypnotics, but isn't marketed that way)
Benadryl(diphenhydramine)is also classified as an antihistamine
A common side effect of antihistamines is drowsiness
A neurosis is characterized by anxiety,anxiousness,AND tension at a more intense level then normal.
Anxiety can be associated with phobias such as: 1.)Acrophobia(fear of heights) 2.)Arachnophobia(fear of spiders) 3.)Ophidiophobia(fear of snakes) 4.)Agoraphobia(fear of open spaces) 5.)Claustrophobia(fear of confined spaces)
Neuroses can also cause "panic (anxiety)attacks."
Medications to treat neuroses are called sedatives OR antianxiety drugs OR minor tranquilizers
what class is Xanax? sedatives
what class is alprazolam? sedatives
what class is Valium? sedatives
what class is diazepam? sedatives also status epilepticus
what class is Librium? sedatives
what class is chlordiazepoxide? sedatives
what class is Tranxene? sedatives
what class is Ativan? sedatives
what class is lorazepam? sedatives
sedatives can lose effectiveness if combined with caffeine
Psychosis is characterized by losing touch with reality AND can result in illusions,delusions,AND hallucinations
An illusion is a false interpretation of a sensory stimulus such as a "mirage"
A delusion is a false belief as "I am Jesus Christ"
A hallucination is a sensory perception that is not caused by an external stimulus such as "hearing voices."
Medications prescribed to treat psychoses are called major tranquilizers OR antipsychotics OR neuroleptics
Bipolar Mental Disorder (BMD)causes radical (extreme)mood swings from manic(restless highs)to depressive(listless lows)
what class is Abilify? antipsychotics and treat Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD) also classified as an antidepressant.
what class is Thorazine? antipsychotics and treat Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD)
what is the generic name of Thorazine? chlorpromazine
what is the class of Seroquel? antipsychotics and treat Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD)
what class is Zyprexa? antipsychotics and treat Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD)
what class is Risperdal? antipsychotics and treat Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD)
In a large study at the University of Massachusetts,Risperdal,Zyprexa,Seroquel AND Abilify were shown to increase the risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus(DM)in children AND teens
what class is Haldol? antipsychotic and treats Tourette's syndrome
what is the generic name of Haldol? haloperidol
Tourette's syndrome is characterized by Involuntary body movements(tics)AND vocal noises.
what class is Lithobid Bipolar Mental Disorder(BMD)
what is the generic name of Lithobid? lithium
Major Depressive Disorder(MDD)is characterized by: 1.)persistent sadness 2.)feelings of helplessness,hopelessness,and worthlessness 3.)Lack of pleasure in any activity 4.)feelings of guilt 5.)Insomnia 6.)Anorexia 7.)Suicidal feelings
Major Depressive Disorder(MDD) is AKA clinical depression
Medications to treat Major Depressive Disorder(MDD)are called antidepressants
What class is Cymbalta? antidepressant also classified as a treatment for osteoarthritis(OA)
what class is Effexor? antidepressant
what class is Lexapro? antidepressant
what class is Prozac? antidepressant
what class is Paxil? antidepressant
what class is Zoloft? antidepressant
Lexapro,Paxil,Prozac,or Zoloft use during pregnancy increases the chances of birth defects such as: ASD AKA Atrial Septal Defect VSD AKA Ventricular Septal Defect PPHN AKA Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Neonate SB AKA Spina Bifida
Zyban or Wellbutrin (bupropion)can cause serious neuropsychiatic symptoms such as: changes in behavior,hostility,agitation,depressed mood,suicidal thoughts ans behavior,and attempted suicide.
what class is Pristiq? antidepressant
The interaction of Pristiq with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)can cause bleeding tendencies
The interaction of Pristiq with antimigraine medication can cause sudden death
Some antidepressants can cause suicidal tendencies in children and teens
Depression has been linked to a deficiency of omega 3 fatty acids found in fish
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)is characterized by inattention,impulsivity and excessive motor activity
what class is Catapres(clonidine)? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)also antihypertensive and non-nicotine smoking cessation drug
what class is Focalin? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD
what class is Adderall? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD
what class is Vyvanse? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD
what class is Ritalin? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD treat narcolepsy
what class is Concerta? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD treat narcolepsy
what class is Quillivant? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD treat narcolepsy
what is the generic name of Ritalin OR Concerta OR Quillivant? methylphenidate
Narcolepsy is a Chronic sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming daytime drowsiness AND sudden attacks of sleep
what class is Antabuse? Treat alcoholism
Antabuse will not allow the alcohol to be absorbed AND mixing alcohol with Antabuse will cause thoracodynia(chest pain)cephalalgia(headache)anxiety,vertigo,blurred vision,weakness,diaphoresis(profuse sweating)dyspnea(difficulty breathing)and Nausea+Vomiting (N+V)
what is the generic name of Dilantin? phenytoin
what is the generic name of Luminal? phenobarbital("phenobarb")
What is the generic name of Duodopa OR Parcopa OR Sinemet? carbidopa + levodopa
what is the generic name of Restoril? temazepam
what is the generic name of Benadryl? diphenhydramine
what is the generic name of Xanax? alprazolam
what is the generic name of Valium? diazepam
what is the generic name of Librium? chlordiazepoxide
what is the generic name of Ativan? lorazepam
what is the generic name of Thorazine? chlorpromazine
what is the generic name of Lithobid? lithium
what is the generic name of Wellbutrin OR Zyban? bupropion
Zyban OR Wellbutrin(bupropion)can cause serious neuropsychitric symptoms such as: changes in behavior,hostility,agitation,depressed mood,suicidal thoughts AND behavior,and attempted suicide
The interaction of Pristiq with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)can cause bleeding tendencies
The interaction of Pristiq with antimigraine medication can cause sudden death
Some antidepressants can cause suicidal tendencies in children and teens
Depression has been linked to a deficiency of omega 3 fatty acids found in fish
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)is characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and excessive motor activity
what class is Focolin? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)
what class is Catapres?(clonidine) treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)also classified as an antihypertensive and non-nicotine smoking cessation drug
what class is Adderall? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)
what class is Vyvanse? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)
what class is Ritalin? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)treat narcolepsy
what class is Concerta? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)treat narcolepsy
what class is Quillivant? treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)treat narcolepsy
what is the generic name of Ritalin? methylphenidate
what is the generic name of Concerta? methylphenidate
what is the generic name of Quillivant? methylphenidate
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep
what class is Antabuse? treat alcoholism
Analgesic means pertaining to no pain
Analgesics are classified as narcotic analgesics and non-narcotic analgesics
Most narcotic analgesics can cause an addictive feeling of well being called euphoria
Many analgesics work by raising the pain threshold
Common side effects of narcotic analgesics include Nausea + Vomitin(N + V) and constipation
what class is Dilaudid? narcotic analgesics
what class is Demerol? narcotic analgesics
what is the generic name of Demerol? meperidine
what class is MS Contin? narcotic analgesics
what class is Roxanol? narcotic analgesics
what is the generic name of MS Contin OR Roxanol? Morphine Sulfate{MSO4) (little 4 is sapposed to be at the bottom of the "o")
what class is nubain?(no pain) narcotic analgesics
what class is OxyContin? narcotic analgesics
what is the generic name of OxyContin? oxycodone
what class is Duragesic? narcotic analgesics
what is the generic name of Duragesic? fentanyl
what class is codeine? narcotic analgesics also antitussive(cough suppressant)
what class is Suboxone? treat narcotic (opiate)addiction
Antiyretic refers to a fever reducer
what class is Tylenol? non-narcotic analgesic and antipyretic
Tylenol is AKA acetaminophen(APAP)
what class is Acetadote? acetaminophen(APAP)antagonist
bleeding problems can occur if acetaminophen(APAP)is combined with Gingko biloba
Annually 56,000 Americans develop liver damage from acetaminophen overdose
what class is aspirin?(ASA) anticoagulant,non-narcotic analgesic,non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug(NSAID)and antipyretic
Trade names for aspirin(ASA)include: 1.)St.Joseph 2.)Bayer 3.)Ecotrin(enteric coated)
Aspirin (ASA)should never be administered to children because of the risk of Reye's syndrome
Use of aspirin(ASA)every day(qd)has been shown to reduce the risk of colorectal,liver,esophageal,stomach,breast,skin,and lung malignancies
Use of aspirin(ASA)can exacerbate: asthma,liver or kidney disease, gout,bleeding disorders(hemophilia),and Pepic Ulcer Disease(PUD)
Use of aspirin(ASA)is contraindicated with anticoagulants
Buffers(alkalotics)are used to reduce stomach upset
Buffered aspirin (ASA)medications include: 1.)Alka-Seltzer 2.)Ascriptin 3.)Bufferin
Buffers include: Al(aluminum) Mg(magnesium) Ca(calcium) NaHCO3(should be a small lower 3)(sodium bicarbonate)
Narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesics are commonly combined to produce a synergistic effect
what class is Percodan? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what is the generic name of Percodan? oxycodone and aspirin(ASA)
what class is Tylox? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what class is Roxicet? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what class is Percocet? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what is the generic name of Tylox OR Roxicet OR Percocet? Oxycodone and acetaminophen
Tylenol#3 AKA codeine and acetaminophen(APAP)
what class is Tylenol#3? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what class is Vicodin? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what class is Lortab? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what is the generic name of Vicodin OR Lortab OR Lorcet? acetaminophen(APAP)and hydrocodone
what class is Lorcet? narcotic analgesic and non-narcotic analgesic
what class is Motrin OR Advil? antipyretics,non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDS)and non-narcotic analgesics
what is the generic name of Motrin OR Advil? ibuprofen
what class is ibuprofen? antipyretics,non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDS)and non-narcotic analgesics
what class is Aleve OR Naprosyn? antipyretics,non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDS)and non-narcotic analgesics
what is the generic name of Aleve OR Naprosyn? naproxen
what class is Celebrex? antipyretics,non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDS)and non-narcotic analgesics
what is the generic name of Celebrex? celecoxib
Motrin OR advil(ibuprofen)and Celebrex(celecoxib)use after Myocardial Infarction(MI)can increase the risk of cardiovascular pathology
Chronic (recurring)severe,usually temporal HeadAche(H/A)accompanied by Nausea + Vomiting(N + V)hyperacusis(sensitivity to sound)and photophobia(sensitivity to light)is called a migraine
Migraines appear to be precipitated by dilation of intracranial arteries
what class is Imitrex? treat migraines
what class is Tenormin? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Tenormin? atenolol
what class is atenolol? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive
what class is Lopressor? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Lopressor? metoprolol
what class is metoprolol? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive
what class is Corgard? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Corgard? nadolol
what class is nadolol? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive
what class is Inderal? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic
what is the generic name of Inderal? propranolol
what class is propranolol? treat migraines,antianginal,antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic
what class is Ergomar? treat migraines
what is the generic name of Ergomar? ergotamine
what class is Treximet? treat migraines
what class is Botox? treat migraines
Anesthesia means a condition of no feeling OR nervous sensation
General anesthesia involves a Loss Of Consciousness(LOC)
Local anesthesia involves a small area of skin and adjacent tissue
Spinal anesthesia involves the subarchnoid space
Regional anesthesia involves a nerve block
Epidural anesthesia involves the epidural space
what class is Xylocaine or Solarcaine? Anesthetic
what is the generic name of Xylocaine and Solarcaine? Lidocaine
what class is Marcaine? Anesthetic
what class is Pontocaine(ophthalmic) Anesthetic
what class is Novocain? Anesthetic
what is the generic name of Novocain? procaine
Induction of anesthesia refers to the initial anesthesia that causes Loss Of Consciousness(LOC)
Other anesthesia is then given to place the patient in a coma
what class is etomidate? induction anesthetic
what class is Propofol? induction anesthetic
A neuromuscular blocker causes muscular paralysis
what class is Anectine neuromuscular blocker
what is the generic name of Anectine? succinylcholine("succs")
what class is atropine? decrease airway secretions
Created by: BLM1095