Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Ch1 Drug Admin

Route of admin, pros, cons, types

Pro: safe, self-admin, cheap, no needles PO
Con: Slow, very variable abs, 1st pass metabolism, low predictability PO
Pro: fastest, most accurate blood conc IV
Con: Overdose danger, can't be easily reversed, needs sterile needles and medical technique IV
Pro: Slow, even abs (10~30 mins) IM
Con: needs sterile needles, painful and irritable IM
Pro: Slow, prolonged abs (can take up to 3 years) SC
Con: Variable abs depending on amt of blood flow to area SC
Pro: very fast due to large abs surface area, fast onset, no injection equipment needed Inhalation
Con: irritate nasal passages and lungs due to small solid particles Inhalation
Pro: Localized effect, easy to self-admin Topical (apply to surface of mucous membranes, not skin)
Con: ease of transfer across membranes, can be abs into general circulation Topical
Pro: slow, consistent, controlled, prolonged Transdermal (across skin)
Con: only lipid-sol drugs, can be irritable, abs depends on skin location Transdermal
Pro: highly effective, by-pass BB barrier Epidural (directly injected into CSF)
Con: admin needs trained professional, irreversible, can damage nerves Epidural
Created by: xiaohes



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards