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CNS

Test 3

QuestionAnswer
Narcotic Analgesis (Opiod Analgesics) meds (6)Opiods Morphine sulfate, Dilaudid, paregoric, Demerol, Dolophine,Percodan
Narcotic Antagonist med (1) Narcan
Nonopiod Analgesics sub categories (2) & their meds (2) Salicylate - Aspirin; Nonsalicylate - Tylenol
NSAIDS meds (2) Advil & Naprosyn
Drugs used to treat Gout (2) Benemid, colchicine
Sedatives & Hypnotic subcategories (2) & meds (3) Barbiturates - Nembutal & Seconal; Nonbarbiturates - Dalmane
Anticonvulsants meds (4) Dilantin, Valium, Lamictal, Neurontin
Central acting skeletal muscle relaxants meds (3) Flexeril, Lioresal, Valium
Drugs used to treat Parkinsons meds (2) Parlodel & Sinemet
CNS Stimulants sub categories (2) & meds (2) Analeptic Agents - Vivarin(caffeine); Amphetamines - Ritalin
Benemid (uses) (2) (Uses) Tx of hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis, prolong blood levels of penicillns and Caphalosporins (antibiotics)
Caffeine (class/action) (3) (Class/Action) CNS stimulant: Analeptic Agent stimulates CNS @ all levels incl. cerebral cortex, cardiac stimulation of coronary and peripheral blood vessels, skeletal muscle stimulation, diuretic effect
CNS stimulants (uses) (3) (Uses) Tx of fatigue, drowsiness, respitory depression
Colchicine (use) (Uses) relief of acute attack of gout and given to prevent gout attack
Dalmane (class/action) (Class/Action) Binds to receptor site to cause respitory depression
Dilantin (use) (Uses) primarily in Tonic Clonic or Grand Mal seizures
Dilaudid (class/action) (Class/Action) Opiate/Opiod: Act by stimulation of opiate receptors in the CNS: thought to either elevate pain threshold, interfere w/pain condition, alter pain perception, or a combo of all effects
Flexeril (class/action) (Class/Action) Central acting skeletal muscle relaxants: Relieves skeletal muscle spams w/out distubing muscle function
Lamictal (class/action) (2) (Class/Action) Anticonvulsant Drug: Depress abnormal berve impulses in the CNS; also increase the seizure threshold neuronal firing by inhibiting excitorial process
Lioresal (use) (Uses)Spasticity due ro MS and spinal cord injury
Morphine (s/e, NI) (8) S/E: CNS; Euphoria, light headedness, dizziness, sedation miosis, insomina, agitation, impairment of mental/physical tasks, depression rate or breath, N/V dry mouth constip, hypertension urinary ret. NI Check resp rate if <12 hold, call, safety, watch BP
Morphine (class/action) (3) (Class/Action)Opiate/Opiod Act by stimulation of opiate receptors in the CNS-thought to elevate pain threshold, interfere w pain condition,alter pain perception or combo of all effects
Naprosyn (class/action) (Class/Action) NSAID. Analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory
Naprosyn, Advil (s/e) (10) (NI) (S/E) bleeding, N/V, diarrhea/constipation, indigestion, CNS side effects, high/low BP, cardiac arrthymias, MI, impaired renal fx, high/low blood sugar; Advil - visual disturbance. (NI) based on s/e, shouldnt be taken for pt w hypertension or CVD
Narcan (class/action, uses) (Class/Action) Opiod/opiate antagonist. reverse CNS depressant effect of opiods by competing with receptor sites. (Uses) Opiod overdose or when a causative agent is unknown (resp will immediatly increase)
Neurontin (class/action) (2) (Class/Action) Anticonvulsant drug. Depress abnormal nerve impulses in the CNS; also increase the seizure threshold neuronal by inhibiting excitorial process
NSAIDS (class/action, NI) (4) (Class/Action) Nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory. analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory. (NI) Take with food, alway plenty of fluids, should be uses cautiously in pt with liver problems, cardiac diease or GI bleeding disease
NSAIDS (uses) (6) (Uses) osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, muscloskeletal disorders, mild to moderate pain, dysmenorrhea, fever reduction
Paregoric (uses) (2) (Uses) treat severe diarrhea & intestinal cramping
Parodel (class/action) (Class/Action) Dopamine agonist drug. Acts as a dopamine receptor agonist by activating dopamine receptors (also used for infertility)
Percodan (class/action) (3) (Class/Action) Opiate opiod analgesic. act by stimulation of opiate receptors in the CNS; thought to either elevate pain threshold, interfere w/pain conduction, alter pain perception, or a combo of all these effects
Ritalin (uses) (2) (Uses) Narcolepsy, ADHD
Seconal (class/action, uses) (2,1) (Class/Action) Seditave and Hypnotic: Barbituate. produce CNS depression and mood alteration (Uses)Pre-Op Meds
Sinemet (s/e) (10) (S/E) cardiac irregulations or arhythmia N/V, anorexia, bradycardia, orthostatic hypotension, akinesia, dry mouth, blurred vision, nervousness, constip, mydriasis, loss of taste, confusion, mental changes: suicidal tend, paranoia, hallucinations, depress
Sinemet (NI) (5) (NI) dont stop abruptly, space doses over 24 hrs, give w/ food, safety, should not take vitamin B6 watch behavior for suicide, contraindicated for pt with cardiovascular Dx, glucoma, peptic ulcers
Sinemet (class/action,use) (Class/Action) balance of dopamine & acetocholine in brain (Uses)treatment of Parkinsonism
Tylenol (class/action,NI) (3) (Class/action) analgesic & antipyretic (NI) No alcohol b/c long term use casues hepatotoxcity, drug used to treat overdoses is Mucomyst (resp drug)
Valium (class/action,use) (Class/Action) drug of choice in treatment of status epilepticus & muscoloskeletal disorders/injuries (Uses)Drug of choice in tx of statis epilepticus, anxiety, alcohol withdraw, before endoscopic procedures, strains, sprains
Aspirin (uses) (7) (Uses)Rhuematoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, any inflammatory condition, mild pain, fever, prevent thrombosis, reduce risk of MI
Advil (ibuprofen)(NI) (4) Take w/food, always plenty of fluids, should be used cautiosly in pt w liver problems, cardiac disease or bleeding
Nembutal/Phenobarbital (s/e,NI) (S/E) CNS depression, confusion, ataxia, N/V. (NI)Dont omit doses or change prescribed dose, monitor blood levels, dont stop abruptly, dont drive w/o dr permission aviod alcohol, carry ID tags, NO OTC meds w/o dr. order, take with food, good mouth care
Nembutal/Phenobarbital (class/action, uses) (Class/Action) Seditave and Hypnotic: Barbituate. Produce CNS depression and mood alteration. (Uses) Pre-Op Meds
Morphine (uses) (5) (Uses)moderate-severe pain & acute-chronic pain relief,preop sedation,anesthetic adjunct,MI-relieve pain,anxiety
Dolophine(Methadone) (class/action,uses) (3) (Class/Action) Opiate Opiod Analgesic: act by stimulation of opiate receptors in the CNS; thought to either elevate pain threshold, interfere with pain conduction, alter pain perception, or a combo of effects (Uses) severe pain, Tx of Opiod dep prep in OJ
Demerol(Mepridine) (class/action) (3) (Class/Action) Opiate/opiod: Act by stimulation of opiate receptors in the CNS; thought to either elevate pain threshold, interfere w/pain condition, alter pain perception, or a combo of all these.
Demerol(Mepridine) (s/e) (10) (S/E) CNS: Euphoria, light headedness, dizziness, sedation miosis, insomnia agitation, impairment of mental/physical tasks, dep of rate, N/V, dry mouth, constipation, hypotension, urinary ret.
Demerol(Mepridine) (NI) (4) (N/I) Check resp rate id <12 hold and call dr. safety, watch BP, be sure of voiding, know facility policy for stop date of Narcotics usually 48 hr
Aspirin (class/action, s/e) (4/4) (Class/Action) analgesic, antipyritc, anti-inflammatory, anti-coagulant, (S/E) major GI bleeding, bruising, allergy, hepatitis
NSAIDS (s/e) (10) (S/E)bleeding, N/V, diarrhea/constipation, indigestion, CNS side effects, high/low BP, cardiac arrthymias, MI, impaired renal fx, high/low blood sugar; Advil - visual disturbance.
Created by: breinard