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william mushisky

science

QuestionAnswer
solute a substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
solvalent a substance in which a solute dissolves
dissociation the separation of ions in an ionic compound as the compound dissolves
dispersion the process of dissolving by breaking into smaller peices
ionization the process by which neutral molecules gain or lose electrons
acid a compound that produces hydronium
indicator a substance that changes color in the presence of an acid or a base
base a compound that produces hydroxide ions(OH-) when dissolved in water; a proton acceptor
neutralization a chemical reaction between an acid and a base
salt an ionic compound formed when an acid reacts with a base
pH a measure of hydronium
buffer A buffer is a solution containing either a weak acid and its salt or a weak base
electrolyte A substance which forms ions in an aqueous solution
radioactivity Radioactivity is the spontaneous emission of radiation in the form of particles or high energy photons resulting from a nuclear reaction.
radioisotope a radioactive isotope
nuclear radiation is the process by which a nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting particles of ionizing radiation.
alpha particle a helium nucleus emitted by some radioactive substances, originally regarded as a ray.
beta particle a fast-moving electron emitted by radioactive decay of substances
gamma ray penetrating electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength than X-rays.
background radiation the uniform microwave radiation remaining from the Big Bang
strong nuclear force The strong nuclear force is the force between two or more nucleons
fission the action of dividing or splitting something into two or more parts.
chain reaction a chemical reaction or other process in which the products themselves promote or spread the reaction, which under certain conditions may accelerate dramatically
critical mass the minimum amount of fissile material needed to maintain a nuclear chain reaction.
fusion the process or result of joining two or more things together to form a single entity.
plasma the colorless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, in which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended.
Created by: WilliamM398