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Nut. Support

Pharm, quiz 4 - nutritional support

TermDefinition
Parental High caloric nutrients through large veins (brachiocephalic truck, etc)
Enteral Nutrition given orally or through a feeding tube or through GI tract
Nutrition given through cardiovascular system Parental
Nutrition given through Gastrointestinal system Enteral
Cheapest form of nutrition support Enteral
May more expensive form of nutritional support Parental
3 things needed for enteral nutrition ability to absorb, digest, and have g.i. motility,
Methods of delivery for enteral nutrition? Bolus, and infusion (slowly over longer period of time)
Contraindications for Enteral Nutrition Intestinal obstruction, malabsorption, and G.I. tract incapacitated due to uncontrolled vomiting
Complications for enteral nutrition Aspiration pneumonitis (food in lungs), Diarrhea (due to rapid infusion), Dehydration (due to not enough H20 given in or between meals.
If the patient is having enteral feeding done and after 3 hours (with intermittent administration) you check to see if there is gastric emptying and there hasn't been (more than 50% left in stomach( Hold the feeding and notify health care provider.
For continuous infusion, after 2-4 hours there is more than 50 ml stop infusion for 30-60 mins and check again
Complications for parenteral nutrition air embolism, hyper or hypo glycemia (due to too much sugar (for hyper) in blood or if the infusion stops (for hypo), strict asepsis, fluid overload
When giving parenteral nutrition and the patient has an air embolism make them do the val-salva maneuver
Created by: tjallen011
 

 



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