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Chapter 8 & 10

TermDefinition
Solute A substance who's particles are dissolved in a solution
Solvent The substance in which the solute dissolves
dissociation the process in which an ionic compound separates into ions as it dissolves.
dispersion breaks into smaller pieces as it dissolves.
ionization the process in which neutral molecules gain or lose electrons
acid an acid that produces hydronium ions
indicator an substance that changes color in an acid or base
base a compound that produces hydroxide ions
neutralization the reaction between an acid and a base
salt what is created after neutralization
pH a solutions measure of its hydronium ion consentration
buffer a solution that is resistant to large changes in pH
electroyle a substance that ionizes or dissociates into ions when it is turned into water
radioactivity a process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged particles
radioisotope an atom containing an unstable nucleus
nuclear radiation charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei of radioisotopes
alpha particle a positively charged particle made up from two protons and neutrons
beta particle an electron emitted by an unstable nucleus
gamma ray a penetrated ray of energy emitted by an unstable nucleus
background radiation nuclear radiation that occurs naturally in the environment
strong nuclear force is the attractive force that binds protons and neutrons together in the nucleus
fission is a splitting of an atomic nucleus into two smaller parts
chain reaction neutrons released during the splitting of an initial nucleus trigger a series of nuclear fissions
critical mass the smallest possible mass of a fissionable material that can sustain a chain reaction
fusion a process in which the nuclei of two atoms combine to form a larger nucleus
plasma state of atoms in which they are stripped of their electrons
Created by: Jacob Hopkins