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Madison Burkhard

Chapter 8 and 10 Vocabulary

Solute substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
Solvent the substance in which the solute dissolves
Dissociation process in which an ionic compound separates into ions as it dissolves
Dispersion breaking into small pieces that spread throughout the water
Ionization process in which neutral molecules gain or lose electrons
Acid a compound that produces hydronium ions when dissolved in water
Indicator any substance that changes color in the presence of an acid or base
Base a compound that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water
Neutralization reaction between an acid and a base
Salt negative ions in an acid combine with the positive ions in a base to produce an ionic compund
pH a measure of its hydronium ion concentration
Buffer a solution that is resistant to large changes in pH
Electrolyte substance that ionizes or dissociates into ions when it dissolves in water
Radioactivity process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged particles and energy.
Radioisotope any atom containing an unstable nucleus
Nuclear Radiation charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei of radioistopes
Alpha Particle a positively charged made up of two protons and and two neutrons
Beta Particle an electron emitted by an unstable nucleus
Gamma Ray a penetrating ray of energy emitted by an unstable nucleus
Background Radiation nucleus radiation that occurs naturally in the environment
Strong Nuclear Force the attractive force that blinds protons and neutrons together in a nucleus
Fission a nuclear reaction in which an atomic nucleus i split into two smaller parts
Chain Reaction a series of fission reactions triggered by neutrons released during the fission of a nucleus
critical mass the smallest possible mass of a fissionable material that can sustain a chain reaction
fusion a nuclear reaction in which the nuclei to two atoms combine to form a larger nucleus
plasma a state of matter in which atoms have been stripped of their electrons.
Created by: madison.burkhard