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Research Exam 1

Henrys Research Class Exam 1

TermDefinition
Justice Treat peope fairly and to share the burdens/benefits of research equally.
Declaration of Helsinki Reinterpretation of the Nuremberg Code regarding medical research with therapeutic intent.
Belmont Report Publication by the National Commission that described the need for respect for persons, beneficence and justice while performing research.
National Commission of the Protection of Human Subjects A panel formed by Congress that enacted the National Research Act and federal regulations that describes the protection of human subjects.
Beneficience Do no harm by maximizing benefits and minimizing risks
Respect for persons To treat people as autonomous agents and to allow people to choose for themselves.
Nuremburg Code Developed after the sentencing of Nazi physicians and scientists.
Tradition To do what has been done before.
Trial and Error Performing an experiment to see if it works or doesn't work.
Inductive Reasoning When given data, on ce develop a general principle or theory.
Deductive Reasoning When given a general principle (theory), one can predict future observations.
Authority Gaining knowledge from a person in power.
Scientific Method Probability is used to determine whether a phenomenon can be generalized or is simply due to chance
Exempt from Review A research protocol that involves very little to no risk such as surveys or medical chart reviews and be submitted under this category.
Expedited A research protocol of human subjects that does not involve vulnerable subjects and has only minimal risks is reviewed only by the IRB committee chair.
Full Review A research protocol that involves human sujects is reviewed at the IRB committee meeting to determine if human rights are protected.
Noncompliance An action by a member of the research team that disregards federal regulations by violating human rights.
Amendments During the IRB review process, the IRB may have the investigator make edits to the protocol to ensure that human rights are being protected.
Continuing Review If a research protocol takes longer than a year to collect data, the IRB may need to perform this type of review to ensure that human right are still being protected.
Results Phase that includes collecting and analyzing data.
Methods Includes research design, instrumentation, and the data collection techniques.
Hypothesis Will include predictions of what you think will happen in the study.
Introduction Includes the research question, hypothesis and theoryl
Research Question The problem you want to solve.
Theory The rationale that supports your hypothesis.
Hypothesis Short statement that describes your beliefs of what the conclusions will be
Answerable A question that can be answered using the scientific method.
Feasible Study that can be performed according to your time table and financial resources.
Rejection Criteria Criteria established prior to the study for either accepting or rejecting the hypothesis.
Problem Statement Focuses the study and should be important, answerable and feasible.
Deductive Reasoning Based on your theory, you can develop a hypothesis.
Insufficient Acknowledgement Noting only a small part of what is borrowed so that a reader cannot know exactly what is original and what is not.
Paraphrase Plagiarism Restating a phrase or paragraph so that although the words differ, the meaning is the same and the author is not credited.
Plagiarism Taking the idea or work of another and passign it off as one's own.
Falsification Manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
Direct quote Exact transcription of text from a source and using quotation marks.
Scientific Misconduct Fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results
Direct Plagiarism Lifting passages word for word without placing the material in quotation marks or crediting the author.
Mosiac Plagiarism Borrowing ideas from an original source by using a few word for word phrases woven into one's own work without crediting the original author.
Indirect Quote Paraphrasing a source or puting a source into your own words but still citing the source
Fabrication Making up data or results and recording or reporting them.
Qualitative Research Obtains data through the use of open-ended questions, interviews and observations.
Experimental Research Controls variables in order to determine cause and effect relationships.
Applied Research Category that includes the majority of clinical research.
Descriptive Research Attempts to describe a group's characteristics using questionnaires, interviews or direct observations.
Basic Research Knowledge is gained without stating its practical use.
Explaratory Reserach Used to understand the epidemiology of diseases.
Quantitative Research Collected data is in the form of numerical values.
Created by: SamanthaERB