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Chapter 18-20 vocab

Communism system of which the government controlled almost all aspects of political and economic life.
Domestication adaptation to humans in a calm matter
Eurasia large single continent
Inland sea sea that is almost completely surrounded by land
Tundra treeless plain in arctic areas where short grasses and mosses grow
Taiga coniferous forest
steppe expansive grasslands
multiethnic containing many ethnic groups
ethnic group composed of people who share such things as culture, language, and religion
Acid rain polluted rain in which toxic chemicals in the air come back to the earth as rain
Infant mortality number of children born per 1,000 live births who die within the first year.
Maternal mortality number of woman who die due to pregnancy and child birth complicationn
Expectancy the number of years an individual is expected to live as determined
national identity sense of what characteristics make them a nation
ghetto section of city where minority is forced to live.
Holocaust destruction of human life
velvet revolution revolution without bloodshed
privatization selling government owned industries and businesses to private owners
collective farms paid by the government and share the profits
Balkanize break into small, mutually hostile political units
entrepreneur go-getter individuals who start and build businesses
multiplier effect the effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout an economy
Annex formally added
diversity increase the variety
Czar monarchs
abdicate give up crown
soviet governing council
command economy central authority controls what goods will be produced
glasnost allows citizens and news media to say what they wished without fear of government prosecution
perestroika economic restructuring
ruble price
black market goods and services move unofficially without formal record keeping
Tundra treeless zone
taiga land where trees that do not grow to great size
steppes great grassland
Chernozen black earth
permafrost layer of permanently frozen soil
Created by: Student102



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