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PT Skills Vocab 22&5

Physical Therapy Skills Vocab (Chapter 22 and 7)

contracture a tightening and shortening of a muscle, resulting in a permanent flexing of a joint
transfer (gait) belt a band of fabric or leather that is positioned around the patient's waist; helps provide additional support for the patient
crutches artificial supports that assist a patient who needs help walking
cane an assisitive device that provides balance and support
walker a four-legged device that provides support; different styles include standard, folding, rolling, and platform
cryotherapy the use of cold for treatment; administered to relieve pain, reduce swelling, reduce body temperature, and control bleeding
moist cold applications cold and moist or wet against the skin. Examples are cold compresses, packs, and soaks.
dry cold applications cold and dry against the skin. Examples are ice bags, ice collars, and hypothermia blankets
ice bags/collars special containers filled with ice.
hypothermia (thermal) blanket contains coils that are filled with cool fluid, and is used to reduce high body temperatures
thermotherapy the use of heat for treatment
moist heat applications warm and wet against the skin; more penetrating and more effective in relieving pain than dry heat appplications
sitz baths provide warm moist heat to the perineal and rectal area; they are used after birth and after rectal surgery to provide comfort
hydrocollator packs gel-filled packs that are warmed in a water bath at a high temperature; frequently used prior to ROM exercises
paraffin wax treatments used for chronic joint diseases, such as arthritis
dry heat applications warm and dry against the skin. Examples are warm-water bags, heating pads, thermal blankets, aquamatic pads, and heat lamps
warm-water bags special containers filled with warm water to provide heat to body parts.
aquathermia pads small pads that contain coils that fill with warm water
vasodilation caused by heat applications; blood vessels in the area become larger (dilated)
vasoconstriction caused by cold applications; blood vessels in the area become smaller (constricted)
abduction moving a part away from the midline of the body
adduction moving a part towards the midline of the body
flexion bending a body joint
extension straightening a body joint
hyperextension excessive straightening of a body part
rotation moving a body part around its own axis, for example, turning the head from side to side
circumduction moving in a circle at a joint, or moving one end of a body part in a circle while the other end remains stationary; involves all movements of flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation
pronation turning a body part downward (turning palm down)
supination turning a body part upward (turning palm up)
opposition touching each of the fingers with the tip of the thumb
inversion turning a body part inward
eversion turning a body part outward
dorsiflexion bending backward (bending the foot toward the knee)
plantar flexion bending forward (straightening the foot away from the knee)
radial deviation moving toward the thumb side of the hand
ulnar deviation moving toward the little finger side of the hand
Created by: hcps-lambertmj