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# Geography Terms

Reference Map Mapping that includes all possible valid relationships between a source system and a target system
Thematic Map is a type of map or chart especially designed to show a particular theme connected with a specific geographic area.
GPS / GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM A system of satellites, computers, and receivers, that is able to determine the latitude and longitude of a reciever on Earth by calculating the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver
GIS / GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM helps visualize, question, analyze, interpret, and understand data to reveal relationships, patterns, and trends
Distance Scale a ratio which compares a measurement on a map to the actual distance between locations identified on the map
Directional Indicator a compass that assists an airplane pilot in flying a predetermined course by direct reading and comparison of two indicators one of which is set for the desired heading while the other shows the actual heading so that
Inset Map More detailed (larger scale) representation of a specific area on a map usually placed in an uncluttered portion of the same sheet as the smaller scale main map.
Legend An explanatory caption accompanying an illustration.
Latitude The angular distance north or south of the earth's equator, measured in degrees along a meridian, as on a map or globe.
Longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
Equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°
Prime Meridian a planet's meridian adopted as the zero of longitude.
Northern Hemisphere the hemisphere that is to the north of the equator
Southern Hemisphere the hemisphere that is to the south of the equator
Eastern Hemisphere the hemisphere that includes Eurasia and Africa and Australia
Western Hemisphere the hemisphere that includes North America and South America
Continents any of the world's main continuous expanses of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America).
Map Grid A symbolized network of lines, or graticule, representing parallels and meridians or plane coordinates. Plane coordinate grids are almost always rectangular with uniform spacing. Azimuthal map grids are organized as polar coordinates. See Graticule.
Created by: 00023067

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