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pharmacology

pharm

TermDefinition
Estrogen & Progestins: uses Contraception, menopause, hormonal deficiencies
Type A Blood has antigen A, has anti-B antibodies
Type B Blood has antigen B, has anti-A antibodies
Type AB Blood has antigen A & B, has neither antibodies, universal recipient
Type O Blood a universal donor, can receive whatever type of blood
Rh Factor an antigen
Isoniazid (INH) antitubercular
metronidazole (Flagyl) antiprotozoal, no alcohol
Penicillin do not take with food, take with full glass water
Sulfonamides (sulfa) take with full glass water, increase fluids to prevent crystalluria
Fluoroquinolones 'xacin', no milk, report supra infection: yeast, thrush
UTI antiseptics: nitrofurantoin urine will have brownish color, drink acidic juices cranberry, prune
ACE inhibitors (pril) take same day
Antidysrythmics procainamide, licodaine, quinidine
'Olol' beta blockers, hold if pulse <60bpm
'zem', 'amil' calcium channel blockers,
what is digoxin cardiac glycoside, makes heartbeat slower, more powerful, more regular, increased cardiac output, hold if pulse is <60bpm, watch dig toxicity
digoxin therapeutic level 0.8 - 2.0
Vancomycin: uses bacterial endocardidits caused by staph including MRSA
Heparin, enoxaparin, dalteparin sodium, tinzaparin, fondaparinux sodium Antithrombotics
antidote for heparin protamine sulfate
antidote for Coumadin vitamin K
Antiplatelets does not dissolve existing clots, prevents clots from forming
Thrombolytics dissolves clots, Retavase, TNKase, t-PA, streptokinase
PCN or sulfa drugs: adverse effects Allergic reactions (anaphylaxis)
Prednisone: adverse effects Immunosuppression
Aspirin: adverse effects Gastrointestinal ulcers or bleeding
Aminoglycosides 'mycin': adverse effects Nephrotoxicity
Narcotics: adverse effects CNS depression
Digoxin: adverse effects Cardiovascular: bradycardia, dysrhythmias; excessive: dig toxicity
Anticoagulant: adverse effects hematologic
Isoniazid INH: adverse effects Hepatotoxicity
NSAIDs Avoid taking warfarin and glucosteroids concurrently,
NSAIDs: adverse effects GI bleeding, bone marrow depression, GI upset; toxicity: tinnitus
Created by: vlatol77