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Radiology Terms Ch12

TermDefinition
Condyle rounded process that forms part of a joint
Coracoid pointed projection
Coronoid beaklike projection
Crest bony ridge
Epicondyle projection above a condyle
Head rounded, wide end of long bone
Malleolus club-shaped projection
Process general term for a projection
Protuberance general term for a projection
Spine sharp process or sharp ridge
Styloid long, sharp process
Trochanter large, rounded process of the femur
Tubercle small, rounded process
Tuberosity rounded process larger than a tubercle
Foramen hole in a bone for passage of blood vessels and nerves
Fossa pit or hollow
Synarthrosis joint that doesn't move
Amphiarthrosis joint that has very limited motion
Diarthrosis joint that can move freely
Bursa sacs filled with synovial fluid in some diarthrodial joints
Circular Movement arclike rotation of a structure around an axis
Rotation pivoting of a bone on it's axis
Circumduction moving the distal end of a bone in a circle
Supination lateral rotation of the bones in the forearm so the palm of the hand is facing up
Pronation medial rotation of the of the bones in the forearm so the palm of the hand is facing down
Angular Movement bending
Flexion bending that decreases the angle of two bones
Dorsiflexion top of foot is moved closer to the lower leg
Plantar Flexion top foot is moved away from the lower leg
Extension bending that increase the angle of two bones
Hyperextension joint is extended beyond its usual anatomic position
Abduction moving away from the midline
Adduction moving toward the midline
Gliding Movement one bone sliding over another
Inversion toes pointed in
Eversion toes pointed out
Protraction moving a part forward
Retraction moving a part backward
Elevation moving a part upward
Depression moving a part downward
Anterior front
Posterior back
Caudal toward the feet
Cephalic toward the head
Central middle area of organ or part
Peripheral outer
Distal away from point of origin
Proximal closer to the point of origin
Dorsal back
Ventral front
External outside or near the surface
Internal inside
Inferior below
Superior above
Lateral side
Medial middle
Palmar palm of hand
Plantar bottom of foot
Sagittal divides right and left parts
Midsagittal divides equal right and left parts
Coronal divides front and back parts
Transverse superior and inferior
Prone lying face down
Recumbent lying down
Supine lying on back
Upright sitting or standing erect
Decubitus recumbent with central ray horizontal
Lordotic leaning back with shoulders touching the image receptor
Oblique body angled
Anteriorposterior enters front, exits back
Posterioranterior enters back, exits front
Lateral side being imaged is closest to IR
Oblique body angled
Axial CR angled 10 degrees or more
Tangential CR skims a part
Endogenous disease caused by an internal agent
Exogenous disease caused by an external agent
Created by: erdahlen