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MA 105

Drug Categories

analgesic relieves mold to severe pain
anesthetic prevents sensation of pain (generally or locally)
antacid/antiulcer neutralizes stomach acid
anthelmintic kills, paralyzes, or inhibits the growth of parasitic worms
antiarrythmic normalizes the heartbeat in cases of certain cardiac rythms
antiasthmatic treats or prevents asthma
antibiotics kills microorganisms or inhibits their attacks
anticholinergic blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses
anticonvulsant relieves or controls seizures (convulsions)
antidepressant relieves depression
antidiabetic treats diabetes by reducing glucose
antidiarrheal relieves diarrhea
antidote counteracts action of a specific drug class
antiemetic prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting
antifungal kills or inhibits growth of fungi
antihistamine counteracts effects of histamine and relieves allergic symptoms
antihypertensive reduces BP
anti-inflammatory reduces inflammation
antilipidemic lowers blood lipids such as triglyceride
antineoplastic poisons cancerous cells
antopsychotic controls psychotic symptoms
antipyretic reduces fever
antiseptic inhibits growth of microorganisms
antitussive inhibits the cough reflex
bronchodilator dilates bronchi
cathartic induces defecation, alleviates constipation (laxative)
contraceptive reduces risk of pregnancy
decongestant relieves nasal swelling and congestion
diuretic increases urine output, reduces BP and cardiac output
expectorant liquefies mucus in bronchi; allows expectoration of sputum, mucus, and phlegm
hemostatic controls or stops bleeding by promoting coagulation
hormone replacement replaces or resolves hormone deficiency
hypnotic or sedative induces sleep or relaxation
muscle relaxant relaxes skeletal muscles
mydriatic constricts vessels of eye or nasal passage, raises BO, dilates pupil of the eye in ophthalmic preparations
stimulant increase activity of brain and other organs, decreases appetite
vasoconstricto constricts blood vessels, increases BP
vasodilator dilates blood vessels, decreases BP



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