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Pulmonary drugs

QuestionAnswer
Common respiratory diseases that respond to bronchodilators include: 1.)Asthma 2.)Emphysema 3.)Chronic bronchitis
Asthma,emphysema AND chronic bronchitis are COPDs which stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Many pulmonary medications are administered by inhalation via Metered-Dose-Inhalers(MDI)
What class is Proventil? bronchodilator
What class is Ventolin bronchodilator
What class is ProAir? bronchodilator
What class is albuterol? bronchodilator
What class is aminophylline? bronchodilator
What class is Elixophyllin? bronchodilator
What class is Theo-24? bronchodilator
What class is Theo-dur bronchodilator
What class is Theobid? bronchodilator
What class is Theolair bronchodilator
What class is Theophylline? bronchodilator
What class is ephedrine? bronchodilator
What class is Asthmanefrin? bronchodilator
what class is epinephrine? bronchodilator
What class is Maxair? bronchodilator
Fast acting(short acting) bronchodilators should not be used more then twice a week
What class is Atrovent? bronchodilator
What class is Serevent? bronchodilator
What class is Dulera? bronchodilator
Long acting bronchodilators should never be used alone in the treatment of asthma AND should be used for the Shortest duration of time
Long duration is associated with an increased risk of severe worsening of asthma symptoms
bronchodilator toxicity(poisoning)can occur if combined with caffeine
What class is Singulair? Leukotriene blockers
Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(SAIDS)are AKA corticosteroids
What is the genetic name for Proventil? albuterol
What is the genetic name for Ventolin? albuterol
What is the genetic name for ProAir? albuterol
What is the generic name for Elixophyllin? Theophylline
What is the generic name for Theo-24? Theophylline
What is the generic name for Theo-dur? Theophylline
What is the generic name for Theobid? Theophylline
What is the generic name for Theolair? Theophylline
Elixophyllin or Theo-24 or Theo-dur or Theobid or Theolair may require Therapeutic Drug Monitoring(TDM)because of a Narrow Therapeutic Index(NTI)
What is the generic name of Asthmanefrin? epinephrine
Fast acting (short acting)bronchodilators should not be used more then twice a week
Long acting bronchodilators should never be used alone in the treatment of asthma AND should be used for the shortest duration of time
long duration is associated with an increased risk of severe worsening of asthma symptoms
What class is Asmanex? Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(SAID)designed to reduce the incidence of asthma
What class is Pulmicort? Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(SAID)designed to reduce the incidence of asthma
What class is Azmacort? Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(SAID)designed to reduce the incidence of asthma
What class is Flovent? Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(SAID)designed to reduce the incidence of asthma
what class is symbicort? bronchodilator AND steroidal anti-inflammatory drug(SAID)used to treat asthma
what class is Advair? bronchodilator AND steroidal anti-inflammatory drug(SAID)used to treat asthma
what class is Combivent? bronchodilator AND steroidal anti-inflammatory drug(SAID)used to treat asthma
What class is Spiriva? treat asthma and emphysema
what class is Brovana? treat chronic bronchitis and emphysema
what class is PPD? Intradermal(ID)skin tests used to detect tuberculosis(TB)exposure
what class is Mantoux?s Intradermal(ID)skin tests used to detect tuberculosis(TB)exposure
what class is Tine? Intradermal(ID)skin tests used to detect tuberculosis(TB)exposure
What class is INH? antituberculine
What class is isoniazid? antituberculine
What class is Rifadin? antituberculine
What class is rifampin? antituberculine
What class is Myambutol? antituberculine
What class is ethambutol? antituberculine
what is the generic name of INH? isoniazid
what is the generic name of Rifadin? rifampin
what is the generic name of Myambutol? ethambutol
MDRTB stands for Multidrug Resistant TuBercuosis
Treatment of TuBerculosis(TB)may require multiple daily antituberculine medications for 4-9 months AND sometimes longer
What class is Habitrol? Nicotine replacement therapy(NRT)
What class is Nicoderm? Nicotine replacement therapy(NRT)
What class is Nicorette? Nicotine replacement therapy(NRT)
What class is Nicotrol? Nicotine replacement therapy(NRT)
NTP stands for Nicotine Transdermal Patch
what class is Chantix? Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug
what class is Wellbutrin? Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug also an antidepressant
what class is Zyban? Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug also classified as an antidepressant
what class is bupropion Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug also classified as an antidepressant
what is the generic name of Wellbutrin? bupropion
what is the generic name of Zyban? bupropion
Zyban (bupropion) or Wellbutrin(bupropion)OR Chantix can cause serious neuropsychiatric symptoms such as changes in behavior,hostility,agitation,depressed mood,suicidal thoughts AND behavior AND attempted suicide.
what is the generic name for Catapres? clonidine
what class is Catapres Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug and antihypertensive
what class is clonidine? Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug and antihypertensive
What is the generic name of Mucomyst? mucolytic
mucolytics are administered to break up mucus(sputum)in the lungs for easier expectoration(cough up)
what class is Pneumovax? prophylaxis(preventive)for pneumococcal pneumonia
CHF stands for Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive Heart Failure indicates a weak pump
Causes of Congestive Heart Failure(CHF)include: 1.Heredity(familial) 2.Smoking 3.Coronary atherosclerosis hardening AND stenosis (narrowing)of the coronary arteries from fatty plaque) 4.Obesity 5.Sedentary lifestyle 6.Myocardial Infarction(s){(MI(s)} 7.Cardiac valvular disease
As the heart weakens,the Cardiac Output(CO)decreases AND the Heart Rate(HR) increases
Signs(Sx)of congestive Heart Failure (CHF)include: pedal edema(swelling of the feet AND ankles)AND pulmonary edema(fluid in the lungs)
what class is Digitek Slow the heart rate(HR) and stimulate the myocardium to contract more forcefully also antiarrhythic
what is the generic name for Lanoxin? digoxin("dig")
A metered dose inhaler(MDI)medication to treat asthma and emphysema is Spiriva
what class is Chantix? Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug
MDRTB Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis
what is the generic name of Myambutol? ethambutol
what is the generic name of Asthmanefrin? epinephrine
what class is Lanoxicaps? slow the heart rate(HR)and stimulate the myocardium to contract more forcefully also antiarrhythic
What class is INH? Antituberculine
CHF stands for Congestive Heart Failure
What is the generic name for INH? isoniazid
Many pulmonary medications are designed to make breathing(ventilation)easier by causing bronchodilation and reducing inflammation
what class is mucomyst? mucolytic
what is the generic name for Lanoxicaps? digoxin("dig")
what is NTG? NitroGlycerin
what class is nicardipine? antianginal and antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Norvasc? amlodipine
what class is Norvasc? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is amlodipine? antianginal and antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Cardene? nicardipine
what class is cardene? antianginal and antihypertensive
what is the generic name for Procardia? nifedipine
what class is Procardia? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is nifedipine? antianginal and antihypertensive
Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of Thrombus(clot)formation
what class is nadolol? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is Metoprolol? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is Lopressor? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is atenolol? antianginal and antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Ternormin? atenolol
what class is Tenormin? antianginal and antihypertensive
NitroGlycerin(NTG)is routinely adminstered Sublingually(SL)
what is the generic name of Nitro-dur? nitroglycerin
what is the generic name of Nitrostat? nitroglycerin
what class is nitroglycerin? antianginal
what class is Nitro-Dur? antianginal
what class is nitrostat? antianginal
medications administered to treat Angina Pectoris(AP) are called antianginal
what class is furosemide? diuretic
what class is Lasix? diuretic
what is the trade name for isosorbide? Isordil
what is the generic name of Lasix? furosemide
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring for digoxin is commonly called a "dig level"
The arrhythmia(dysrhthmia)that Lanoxin or Digitek or Lanoxicaps(digoxin)is commonly administered for is Atrial Fibrillation(AF)
what is the generic name for Isordil? isosorbide(sore heart)
what is the generic name for Lopressor? metoprolol
what class is corgard? antianginal and antihypertensive
Lanoxin or digitex or lanoxicaps(digoxin)may require Therapeutic Drug Monitoring(TDM)because of a Narrow Therapeutic Index(NTI)
what is the generic name of Corgard? nadolol
what class is Aspirin(ASA)? anticoagulant
what is the generic name of Plavix? clopidogrel
what class is Plavix? anticoagulant
Vitamin K (phytonadione)is considered a coagulant
what class is Coumadin? anticoagulant
what class is Heparin(sub Q injection)? anticoagulant
what is the generic name of Narcan? naloxone
what class is Syrup of ipecac? emetic
what class is Isuprel? vasopressor
what class is Intropin? vasopressor
what is the generic name of Adrenalin? epinephrine
Beta blockers can lose effectveness if combined with fruit juice
Medications that end in-olol are called beta blockers
some antianginals work by causing arteries to vasodilate(increase in diameter)
what class is Streptase? thrombolytic(tPA)
PE Pulmonary Embolism
MI Myocardial Infarction AKA a "heart attack" or "coronary"
what class is Niaspan? antihyperlipdemic
what class is Zocor? antihyperlipidemic
what class is Lopid? antihyperlipidemic
what class is Pravachol? antihyperlipidemic
what class is Lipitor? antihyperlipidemic
what class is Betapace? antiarrhythmic
what class is Norpace? antiarrhythmic
what class is Lotensin? antihypertensive
what class is Capoten? antihypertensive
what is the generic name for Isodil? isosorbide(sore heart)
what class is Lasix? diuretic
what class is furosemide? diuretic
medications administered to treat Angina Pectoris(AP)are called antianginals and (beta blockers)?
what class is Nitro-Dur? antianginal
what class is nitroglycerin? antianginal
NiTroGlycerin(NTG)is routinely administered Sublingually(SL)
what class is Metoprolol? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is Nadolol? antianginal and antihypertensive
Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of thrombus(clot formation)
what class is Cardene? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is Norvasc? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is nicardipine? antianginal and antihypertensive
what is NTG? NiTroGlycerin
what class is Brovana? Treat chronic bronchitis and emphysema
what class is Lanoxin? Slow the heart rate(HR)and stimulate the myocardium to contract more forcefully also antiarrhythic
what class is Pneumovax? Prophylaxis(preventive)for Pneumococcal Pneumonia
what is the trade name for isosorbide Isordil
what is the generic name of Xylocaine? lidocaine
beta blockers are prescribed to treat Angina Pectoris(AP)any hypertension(HTN)by reducing the force of cardiac contraction and heart rate(HR)
Medications that can be administered(ET)tube are Narcan,Atropine,Vasopressin,Epinephrine,and Lidocaine(NAVEL)
what class is Narcan? narcotic antagonist
what class is activated charcoal? absorb toxic substances in the stomach
antihyperlipidemics may require periodic Liver Fuction Tests(LFT)
Tharacodynia(chest pain)caused by coronary ischemia{starvation of oxygen(O2)to the myocardium}is called Angina Pectoris(AP)
what class is Pradaxa? anticoagulant
what class is Tenormin? antianginal and antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Tenormin? atenolol
what class is Lopressor? antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is Levophed? vasopressor
what class is nifedipine antianginal and antihypertensive
what class is Procardia? antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Isuprel? isoproterenol
what is the generic name of Intropin? dopamine
what class is Cozaar? antihypertensive
what class is Diovan? antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Procardia? nifedipine
what is the generic name of Cardene? nicardipine
what class is amlodipine? antianginal and antihypertensive
a high fiber diet can slow the absorption of digoxin("dig")
what is the generic name of Niaspan? niacin
what class is Crestor? antihyperlipidemic
what class is Rythmol? antiarrhythmic
what is the generic name of Betapace? procanbid AKA procainamide
what is the generic name of Norpace? dispyramide
what class is Hytrin? antihypertensive
what class is Minipress? antihypertensive
what class is Avapro? antihypertensive
what is the generic name of Norvasc? amlodipine
antihyperlipidemic ("statin")toxicity can occur if combined with grapefruit juice
what class is Hyzaar? antihypertensive
what class is Lovaza? omega-3 supplement for hypertriglycerdemia
Signs(Sx)of digoxin (digitalis)toxicity include: bradycardia (slow heart rate)and yellow-green halos around lights
what class is atropine? treat severe bradycardia
what is the generic name of Mephyton phytonidone or Vitamin K
what class is mephyton? coagulant
The combination of Norvasc (amlodipine)and Lipitor is called caduet
what class is protamine sulfate? heparin antagonist
what class is Tenecteplase thrombolytic(tPA)
what is the generic name of Cardizem? diltiazem
what is the class of Cardizem? antianginal and antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic
what is the generic name of Calan? verapamil
what is the class of Vytorin? antihyperlipidemic
what is the generic name of Activase? alteplase
what class is Activase? thrombolytic(tPA)
what class is Adrenalin? vasopressors
what class is Lanoxicaps? Slow the heart rate(HR)and stimulate the myocardium to contract more forcefully also antiarrhythic
what class is Trilipix? antihyperlipidemic
what is the class of Calan? antianginal and antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic
Calcium chloride abbreviated CaCl.
what class is Zetia? antihyperlipidemic
what class is Persantine anticoagulant
what is the generic name of Persantine? dipyridamole
what is the generic name of Streptase? streptokinase
what class is Elequis? anticoagulant
what class is Calcium Chloride? cardiac stimulant
sodium bicarbonate is abbreviated NaHCO3.
what is the generic name of Inderal? propranolol
what is the class of Inderal? antianginal and antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic
what is the generic name of levophed norepinephine
what is class is Nitrostat? antianginal
what class is Benicar? antihypertensive
vasodilation causes Hypotension(lower blood pressure)
what class is xylocaine? antiarrhythmic also local anesthetic
what class is sodium bicarbonate?("bicarb") Treats acidosis(low blood pH)
what is the generic name of Coumadin? warfarin
what class is Lovenox?(subQinjection) anticoagulant
what class is Xarelto? anticoagulant
Therapeutic Drug monitoring for digoxin is commonly called a "dig level"
antihyperlipidemics ("statins")can increase the risk of diabetes Mellitus(DM)in women
Lasix(furosemide)causes an excessive loss of the electrolyte(salt) potassium
CVA Cerebral Vascular Accident AKA a "stroke"
Created by: BLM1095