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domestication present-day southern Russia and Ukraine first trained and bred horses for use by humans
communism a system in which the government controlled almost all aspects of political and economic life
Eurasia others suggest that Europe and Asia should be viewed as a large single continent
physical characteristics
environmental change
climates the term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time
economic activities
tundra treeless plain in arctic areas where sort grasses and mosses grow
taiga south of the tundra are coniferous forests
steppe a temperate grassland found in Europe and Asia
multiethnic containing many ethnic groups
ethic group is composed of people who share such things as culture language and religion
national identity
velvet revolution a revolution without bloodshed, which took place in Czechoslovakia during the late 1980
privatization the process of selling government-owned industries and businesses to private owners
collective farm a government-owned farm managed by workers who share the profits from their produce
balkanize to break up into small mutually hostile political units as occurred in the Balkans after world war 1
entrepreneur a go-getter individual who starts and builds a business
multiplier the effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy
annex to formally incorporate into a country or state the territory of another
diversify to increase the variety of
chernozem a rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands
permafrost a layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen
czar an emperor of Russia
abdicate to surrender one's office, throne or authority
soviet in the former Soviet Union, any one of various governing councils
command economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government
glasnost a policy of openness introduced in the Soviet Union in the late 1980s
perestroika in the former Soviet Union, a policy of economic restructuring
ruble the currency of Russia
black market the system of selling goods and services outside of official channels
Created by: michaelburgess